The analysis below of Work Study department is based on a
survey of ten factories and 300 people, commissioned by the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) in
association with Okhla Garment and
Textile Cluster (OGTC) to analyze current systems and advise
ways to improve overall productivity. The survey was done in two parts, the
first analyzing the factory and the second evaluating the personnel.
A comprehensive checklist was developed which covered every
department and each point on the checklist was awarded a value of 1 to 5
points, 5 being considered an International benchmark. The points awarded were
added and a percentage score was calculated. Priorities for improvement for
each department were established.
Work Study Department
In today's environment the need to improve productivity is
essential. The Indian garment manufacturers must realize the importance of
using scientific ways to analyse how best garments can be made and how
manufacturing procedures can be improved, workstudy is one of the most important
tools that can be used for this purpose. Workstudy is the most important tool
for controlling production and improving productivity. These departments are
not part of expenses but a part of investments.
The introduction of workstudy techniques into the industry
is relatively new, there is a considerable shortage of good industrial
engineers and the need for accelerated training in the techniques is important.
Most companies do not have IE / workstudy departments and are losing a huge
potential for improvement. They have no means of measuring their performance
and are unaware of their competitive status.
Seven of the ten factories visited do not know their
performance levels, and although the labour portion of the cost is around 25%
there are great opportunities for improved profitability through improved
practices and better methods. It is important to note that all of the major
players in the industry consider workstudy as a vital part of their operation.
Garment factories will not survive in the future without well organized
measurement techniques; they must know their performance levels and constantly
work to improve them.
Standard Time and Target Setting
Many companies do not use standard time systems; target
setting is based on guesswork and experience. Establishment of Standard times
and the development of the best method to manufacture is vitally important to
improve productivity. Every company that wishes to compete in the future must
realize this. This chart clearly illustrates the benefits to factory efficiency
if standard times and well developed methods are used.