Costing is a very complex procedure with set patterns and
guidelines followed by the industry and it is difficult to find out costs for
every process as there are some inbuilt costs while costing. The yarn is made
and fabric is weaved and thus generates Grey cloth. The general sequence of
processes carried out on Grey cotton cloth to the final garment is as follows:
About 65-70% cost of the garment is the cost of the fabric
and hence it is very crucial to get the right cost of the fabric from fabric
manufacturers and suppliers.
A large variety of fabrics are used in the export/domestic
market for different end uses. Costing depends a lot on quantity and order
received. Buyers send specifications and the fabric has to be developed as per
the design trend. Garment manufacturers source fabrics with specific
construction and characteristics in different quantities for different end
uses. Garment manufacturers struggle to get the best possible cost of the
fabric. It would be interesting to know the important points to consider for
getting a comprehensive understanding of costing. Costing seems to be a complex
exercise as it depends on a number of variables. Costs are calculated taking
into consideration the complete production process and machinery involved.
author is a practicing Textile Consultant and Colour Matching expert.