Lyocell (CLY) is defined as "a regenerated cellulosic fibre obtained by spinning of dissolved wood pulp in an organic solvent: NMMO (N-methyl-morphaline-N-oxide)". Lyocell fibres are derived from 100% natural wood pulp using a solvent spinning process. Lyocell was first made commercially available in 1988 by Acordis (then Courtaulds plc) under the brand name "Tencel". According to &sec=article&uinfo=<%=server.URLEncode(1730)%>" target="_blank">www.fibresource.com, the fibre was first commercially available is US in 1992. Lyocell is currently being produced by Lenzing . The registered brand names of lyocell include NewCell (Akzo Nobel), Lenzing Lyocell (Lenzing), Alceru (TITK), Cocel (Hanil) and Tencel (Courtaulds/ Acordis). NewCell is a filament while others are staple fibres [4, 5]. Production route for Lyocell Fibre is given in figure 1[2, 3, 6].
About the Author
The author is the Assistant Professor for Department of Textile Chemistry, National Textile University, Sheikhpura Road, Faislabad, Pakistan.