has been 40 years since the existences of the dyes industry in India, since our independence. As the chemical industry, dye industry is widespread. This
industry is a widely divided as organized and non-organized Industry. The organized
sector dominates, with 65 % share of total market, while the unorganized sector
control the remaining 35 % of the market.
India, the dyes industry is located mainly in two states Gujarat and Maharashtra due to easy availability of raw materials and large amount of the textile
industry in this region. 80-85 % of the dyes units are located in Gujarat, out of which 400 units are spread across
the industrial belt of Vatva, Naroda, Odhav and Ankleshwar. The major usage
of these dyes is in textile, paint, paper, printing ink, plastics, pigments and
The Textile dyes, is a very import market in the world. India ranked sixth, as a global supplier of reactive, direct, acid and vat dyes. Gujarat having major prominent players like Kiri Dyes & Chemicals, Meghmani Organics and Bodal Chemicals, is the major manufacturer of reactive dyes in the country with its output totals to 50,000 tons per annum.
The Textile industry consumes around 80% of the total production of dyes due to high demand of polyester and cotton globally. Both Polyester and cotton has created great demand for certain types of the dyes in the world. As reactive dyes are mainly used in cotton, silk, nylon and wool, any change in the use of this has direct impact on the reactive dyes market, as the reactive dyes are applied on these fibers.
Currently in Gujarat, the reactive dye units across the state have seen a dip in their fortunes, as production of fabrics have dropped down, due to the incessant rise in cotton prices in the last few months.
The segment which is dominated by small and medium (SMEs) units have been the worst hit as demand has plummeted by around 15-20 percent in the last few months.
The sector which primarily grew on back of demand from the domestic Indian market is now a major exporter to various countries across the world. The demand of Reactive dyes in Pakistan has also been reduced due to the destruction of the crop in the country due to the recent flood situation.