To establish relationship between the physical attributes of wool fibre, physical characteristics and its dyeability, different wool fibre samples were collected from research centres. These wool fibres were evaluated for their physical properties. The percentage of dye absorption for wool fibres was studied. The wool quality parameters like scouring yield, medullation per centage reveals that there is a direct linkage between them foe dye absorbency.
Fibres are the very smallest visible units from which our fabrics are made by one process or another. Fibre is a fine hair like structure of animal, vegetable, mineral or synthetic origin. All animal fibres are complex proteins views Jefferson (2005). A fibre is characterized by its high ratio of length to thickness and by its strength and flexibility comments Broadbent (2001). Wool is a natural fibre that is clipped from a sheep (fleece wool) views Swerev et al (2003). Wool is available in wide variety from very fine soft type wool to coarse long type wool. The quality of wool differs from breed to breed and region to region. Different varieties of wool are available all over India, these wool are generally of medium coarse quality and coarse quality. Some sheep, which contribute to the wool production in India, are reared in southern regions of Tamil Nadu.
Dr. Jayalakshmi. I is Assistant Professor with Dept. of Costume Design and Fashion, P.S.G College Of Arts and Science, Coimbatore and Dr. Amsamani.S is a Reader with Dept. of Textiles and Clothing, Avinashilingam University, Coimbatore.