of Dye: The process of tie and dye
in earlier times was done with the use of basic colours extracted from plants.
The shellac was used for reds, turmeric for yellow, Ion shavings and vinegar
for black and pomengrate rinds for green. Many different types of dyes are
available for use in this tie and dye technique. The most preferred ones are the
reactive dyes .Tie and Dye cloth is never too expensive but be warned that the
colours always run so if you have bought silk, it is safer to get it
Types of materials to Dye: Tie and dye is good to be done on anything that is made of 100% cotton blends on the market. It is important to prewash and dry the items, soften, pre- shrunk and prepare the item to absorb the dye to the dye best of their ability. It is good to practise with lots of old tops because it is important to know how different types of fabric react and produce different patterned hues when different concentrations of dye are applied on them.
Tie and Dye patterns:
1) Small circles - For small circles, pinch about 2-3 inches of the fabric. Insert marble piece and tie it with rubber band or string to hold secure .You can make many small circles in a particular pattern over the fabric.
2) Stripes - Lay down the fabric on the floor. With loose hands, roll the fabric into long tube, tightly wrap strings or rubber bands around the fabric.
3) Pleats - Lay down the fabric and using both the hands pinch the fabric with thumb and forefinger placed at an inch or two apart. Continue making pleats till the end of the fabric, tie fabric with rubber band.
4) Spiral - Lay down the fabric over the flat surface, spiral patterns are created by gathering a small section, usually with a cloth pin or a kitchen fork, in the middle of the fabric and slowly rotating the piece creating pleats of the fabric arranged in swirls around a centre point. It is gathered into a flat round bundle and the different wedges of the circular bundle are dyed in different colours to create a greater spiral effect.
5) V shape - The 'V' shape is achieved by folding a top half vertically, and then a line is drawn diagonally from the shoulder area down to the centre fold of the top. The fabric is then accordingly folded along the line and bound into one or more areas to which the dye is applied.