This study focuses on the four variant of denim fabrics using three herbal extracts of Ricinus communis, Senna auriculata and Euphorbia hirta which were screened for their antimicrobial efficiency by finishing the methanol extracts of these herbs on the denim fabrics. Of these extracts and the condition 20kgf/cm2 Pressure, 20m/min rpm were followed by pad dry cure method. To enhance the durability of the finished fabric, wash durability test were performed and the results showed good resistance for microbes even after 30 industrial washes against the Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.


Denim is being worn irrespective of demographic differences. Denim has gain much popularity that if you look around, you will surely notice some body wearing denim in your near by. The finishes will be a great value addition since denims are worn for an extended period of time and several properties like the antimicrobial herbal finishes are necessary for the denim fabric to inhibit the growth of microbes on the surface of the fabric, Maintains hygiene and freshness, stops bad odor, Controls or eliminates microbial staining, Improves strength and Eliminates the chances of disease transmission.

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About the Authors:

M. Sumithra is an Assistant Professor in the department of Costume, Design and Fashion, PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore.

N.Vasugi Raaja is a Professor and HOD in the department of Textiles and Clothing, Avinashilingam Deemed University, Coimbatore