It is important to maintain a level of quality for every industry or business to get increased sales and better name amongst consumers and fellow companies. Especially for the business engaged in export business has to sustain a high level of quality to ensure better business globally. Companies who are into export business hold the prestige of the country, and due to this generally quality control standards for export are set strictly. It becomes mandatory to have good quality control of their products as export houses earn foreign exchange for the country. In the garment industry quality control is practiced right from the initial stage of sourcing raw materials to the stage of final finished garment. In this industry, product quality is calculated in terms of quality and standard of fibres, fabric construction, yarn, surface designs, color fastness and the final finished garment products. The quality expectations for export are related to the type of customer segments and the retail outlets.

There are a number of factors on which quality fitness of garment industry is based such as - performance, durability, reliability, visual and perceived quality of the garment. The national regulatory quality certification and international quality programmes like ISO 9000 series lay down the broad quality parameters based on which companies maintain the export quality in the garment and apparel industry. Quality needs to be defined in terms of a particular frame work of cost. Here some of main fabric properties that are taken into consideration for garment manufacturing for export basis:

  • Overall look of the garment.

  • Right formation of the garment.

  • Feel and fall of the garment.

  • Physical properties.

  • Colour fastness of the garment.

  • Finishing properties

  • Final produced garments presentation.

Sourcing of Fabrics

There are certain problems that could be faced by garment manufacturers when sourcing for certain fabrics. Therefore, prevention should be taken for it beforehand to minimize the problems. The apparel exporters source cotton fabrics mainly from powerlooms, mills and handloom sectors. Each of these sectors presents their own unique set of problems to the garment exporters. Some set of problems like missing ends and picks, color variation, unreliable supplies and irregular weaves might be present while sourcing cotton from the handloom sectors. But the handloom sector is significant source of heavier cotton. Broken ends and reed marks, difference in width, thick and thin places and massive variation in costing are the common problems faced in powerloom cotton sourcing. The major problem in mill made fabric sourcing is to meet huge demands from the mills. The orders for fabrics have to be made well in advance and the long time taken for producing the fabric is a matter of concern for apparel exporters. Generally the mills hesitate to take small orders which pose a problem for small scale exporters.