Textile materials printed with screen or digital printing during the exploitation can be under the influence of various environmental elements and treatments. This paper presents research regarding influence of rubbing treatment on changes of printed textile material characteristics which are obtained by inkjet printing technique. Research was done on textile materials composed of 100 % polyester on which the test chart was printed. Test chart consisted of four colour fields each 100% of one of process colours (CMYK). Printing machine Mimaki JV22-160 with J-eco Subly nano inks was used. Variable factor was number of ink layers applied, textile materials ware printed with one, two, three, four and five layers of ink. With increasing number of ink layers, we also increase K/S values. The analysis of rubbing treatment influence on prints was done according to ISO 105-x 12 standards. Total of 20 samples were analyzed. Resistance of colour to rubbing treatment (dry and wet staining) was determined by usage of the grey scale.
Screen and digital printing processes are mostly used for printing on textile substrates. Currently the most dominant printing technique for textiles is screen printing (90 % in 2000) , but it should be noted that digital ink jet printing is rapidly expanding in the textile markets because the ink jet printing process can achieve better flexibility, creativity, speed and environmental protection [2-3].
"This article was originally published in the Tekstilna Industrija magazine, June, 2012"