The demand for eco friendly materials and textiles in recent years has considerably increased and therefore more emphasis is laid on sustainable clothing. It is a known fact that textile industries are causing harm by polluting the environment throughout the world. Hence, it has become crucial for the textile industries all over the world, to switch to sustainable dyes, to ensure least harmful materials are used, while producing clothes and are also eco- friendly.
Textile industries rank second in the world for polluting clean water. It releases some 72 toxic chemicals into water from textile dyeing. Unfortunately, some of these chemicals cannot be removed. All the processes in the textile industry, from dyeing to rinsing use large amount of water. For dyeing factories it is easy to throw away the effluent water rather than cleaning it and re-using it.
As a result gallons of waste water are thrown away by mills every year, which contains harmful chemicals like formaldehyde, chlorine, lead and mercury. These chemicals are harmful for both living beings and environment. Lots of chemicals go into different processes which turns cotton into cloth. Another chain of chemicals are used to dye the cotton and to fix these dyes.
Further, the fields and rivers in Mexico near the jeans manufacturing factories are changing into dark blue because of chemicals in the water that are thrown away without any treatment. The local habitants are concerned about the health hazards it is creating as the food they eat are grown in these fields. Therefore, it has become essential to aim towards manufacturing sustainable clothing.
It is not only the responsibility of the textile mills to manufacture sustainable textiles. In fact every organization involved in this process must support this cause. Brands must strongly co-operate with the manufacturing factories to embrace clean technology and processes thereby stopping further damage to the environment. It is only when textile industry partners, and supply chain members work together; manufacturing eco- friendly clothing using sustainable dyes can be accomplished.
Moreover, to create sustainable clothing one need to ensure that chemicals used are least damaging and maximum use of natural materials is done from fiber to the finished goods stage. Also, in the process of manufacturing, it is necessary to aim at minimal use of energy till the final stage. Shifting from regular cotton to organic cotton has helped in maintaining the human and natural surroundings to be free from chemicals. In addition natural and easily revived fibre like viscose from bamboo involves less energy.