Textiles have always played a central role in the evolution of human culture by being at the forefront of both technological and artistic developments. Herbs can be defined generally in commerce as a plant, plant part, or extract therefore used for flavour, fragrance, or medicinal purpose. An insect repellent help prevent and control the outbreak of insect-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue fever. Most plants contain compounds that they use in preventing attack from phytophagous insects. These chemicals fall in to several categories, including repellents, feeding deterrents, toxins, and growth regulators "Natural" smelling repellents are preferred because plants are perceived as a safe and trusted means of mosquito bite prevention. Plant-based repellents have been used for generations in traditional practice as a personal protection measure against host-seeking mosquitoes.
Cotton is the natural vegetable fiber of great economic importance as a raw material for cloth. Cotton is a fabric that breathes even as it drapes the wearer in cool comfort. Organic cotton is cotton that is grown using methods and materials that have a low impact on the environment. Organic production systems replenish and maintain soil fertility, reduce the toxic and persistent pesticides and fertilizer and build biological diverse agriculture. Textile finishing usually includes treatments such as scouring, bleaching and dyeing. Medicinal plants are the gift of nature to cure limitless number of diseases among human beings. The abundance of plants on the earth surface has led to an increasing interest in the investigation of different extracts obtained from the traditional medicinal plants as potential sources of new Mosquito Repellent agents.
Materials and Methods
In this study, 50's combed cotton and organic cotton yarn was used for the study. The wet processing techniques used here were scouring, bleaching and dyeing .Then the yarn was dyed in package form using reactive dye. The dyed yarn was woven using Dobby loom along with plain weave structure. Then Mosquito Repellent finish is applied on the fabric by herbal and conventional process.
Mosquito Repellent Finish by Conventional Method
Mosquitoes are incredibly unsafe insects and are responsible for propagating ailments like malaria, encephalitis (inflammation of brain) and dengue fever. At present, there are very few durable repellents that can be applied to clothing and almost all the repellents are designed to be applied directly on the skin.
Chemical - Tolumide Complex
Solubility - Soluble in water
Ionic - Non-ionic
pH - 6.0 1.0