Viscose rayon is a versatile material that has multiple applications in textiles, apparel, nonwovens and industrial sectors. Its demand is expected to see a rise in India as well as globally in the coming years. Fibre2Fashion Market Intelligence sheds some light on the viscose market of India.
Viscose fibre, a regenerated cellulosic fibre and a type of rayon, is the most popular among all types of rayon. The name 'viscose' is derived from viscous solution for spinning. Viscose rayon is produced from cellulosic materials such as wood pulp, bamboo and cotton linters. Wood pulp is generally used as a raw material, but the end product depends on the type of manufacturing process. Different production methods can result in rayon, viscose, modal, lyocell or bamboo rayon.
Applications of viscose rayon
Viscose is called artificial silk because of its lustre, excellent drape and retainability of bright colours. Some of its properties include good breathability, high moisture absorbency, comfortable wear and better dyeability, just like cotton. As this material is soft to touch and biodegradable, it is suitable to be used in medical textiles as well.
Viscose rayon is broadly used in the form of yarn, fabric, apparel and nonwoven.
Textiles and apparel: Novelty yarns, embroidery yarns, laces, chenille, cords, suiting, outerwear, crepe, gabardine, lining of coats, dresses, sarees, jackets, lingerie, sportswear, ties, slacks, bedsheets, curtains, blankets, draperies, etc.
Nonwoven: In medical textiles for surgical caps, surgical masks, wipes, hygiene products, etc.
Industrial use: Tire cords, tapes, conveyer belts, carbon fibres, graphite, etc.
Global market of viscose
The viscose fibre sector is expected to be the fastest growing sector among all manmade fibres as it possesses characteristics similar to cotton apart from being biodegradable. Consumption of viscose fibre among all manmade fibres is 6 per cent. About 45 per cent of the material is used in industries, and the same amount goes into making apparel. Home textiles contribute nearly 10 per cent.
Viscose market in India
India is the fastest growing economy in the world, and lower commodity prices have proved beneficial for the manmade fibre industry in India. Petroleum-based manmade fibre prices have also declined, which is giving tough competition to viscose. Growth in viscose fibre is expected with improved GDP per capita and subdued cotton demand in India. Cotton production is also expected to be lower than the expected consumption in the next five years due to reducing acreage and unsuitable climate for cotton crop. As a result, the demand of viscose will increase in India and globally. Lower pulp prices are also expected in the coming year, which can reduce operating costs and increase profit margins.