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Quality systems for garment manufacture
By :   V. Alagulakshmi, K. Subhathra, S. Vanitha
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Introduction


Quality means customer needs is to be satisfied. Failure to maintain an adequate quality standard can therefore be unsuccessful. But maintaining an adequate standard of quality also costs effort. From the first investigation to find out what the potential customer for a new product really wants, through the processes of design, specification, controlled manufacture and sale.

There are a number of factors on which quality fitness of garment industry is based such as - performance, reliability, durability, visual and perceived quality of the garment. Quality needs to be defined in terms of a particular framework of cost.


Quality Control


Quality is of prime importance in any aspect of business. Customers demand and expect value for money. As producers of apparel there must be a constant endeavor to produce work of good quality.


"The systems required for programming and coordinating the efforts of the various groups in an organization to maintain the requisite quality". As such Quality Control is seen as the agent of Quality Assurance or Total Quality Control.


In the garment industry quality control is practiced right from the initial stage of sourcing raw materials to the stage of final finished garment. For textile and apparel industry product quality is calculated in terms of quality and standard of fibres, yarns, fabric construction, colour fastness, surface designs and the final finished garment products. However quality expectations for export are related to the type of customer segments and the retail outlets.


Quality control and standards are one of the most important aspects of the content of any job and therefore a major factor in training.


Total Quality Control


"To ensure that the requisite quality of product is achieved". This ensures customer satisfaction, but it leaves quality control as a necessary but expensive evil.


To ensure, at minimum practicable cost, that the requisite quality of product is being achieved at every stage of manufacture from raw materials to boxed stock


Objectives

  • To maximize the production of goods within the specified tolerances correctly the first time.
  • To achieve a satisfactory design of the fabric or garment in relation to the level of choice in design, styles, colours, suitability of components and fitness of product for the market.


Approach


  • Itemize the variables that occur in fabric and garment production in order to provide a complete specification.
  • Develop a specification in a number of parts or sections to ensure that all design and production staff has a clear idea as to what is needed.
  • Establish acceptable working tolerances in relation to all values on the specification.
  • Establish fault rate recording systems.
  • Improve technical understanding of the product including,
  • Fabric geometry and the interrelationship of yarn count, loop length, pick count, relaxation and fabric properties.
  • Sewing problems.
  • Causes and prevention of seam breakdown.
  • The effects of various factors on the apparent shade of goods affecting shade matching.

 

 

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