Defects in garments
D.Gopalakrishnan, Arpita Nayak
For every industry or business, to get increased sales and
better name amongst consumers and fellow companies it is important to maintain
a level of quality. In the garment industry quality control is practiced right from the initial stage of sourcing raw materials to the stage of final finished
garment. For textile and apparel industry product quality is calculated in
terms of quality and standard of fibres, yarns, fabric construction, colour
fastness, surface designs and the final finished garment products. However
quality expectations for export are related to the type of customer segments
and the retail outlets. There are a number of factors on which quality fitness
of garment industry is based such as performance, reliability, durability,
visual and perceived quality of the garment. Quality needs to be defined in
terms of a particular framework of cost.
The national regulatory quality certification and
international quality Programmes like ISO 9000 series lay down the broad
quality parameters based on which companies maintain the export quality in the
garment and apparel industry. Here some of main fabric properties that are
taken into consideration for garment manufacturing for export basis:
- Overall look of the garment.
- Right formation of the garment.
- Feel and fall of the garment.
- Physical properties.
- Colour fastness of the garment.
- Finishing properties
- Presentation of the final produced garment.
There are certain quality related problems in garment
manufacturing that should not be over looked:
- Sewing defects - Like open seams, wrong stitching techniques used, same
colour garment, but usage of different colour threads on the garment, miss
out of stitches in between, creasing of the garment, erroneous thread
tension and raw edges are some sewing defects that could occur so should
be taken care of.
- Colour effects - Colour defects that could occur are difference of
the colour of final produced garment to the sample shown, accessories used
are of wrong colour combination and mismatching of dye amongst the pieces.
- Sizing defects - Wrong gradation of sizes, difference in measurement of
a garment part from other, for example- sleeves of XL size but body of
L size. Such defects do not occur has to be seen too.
- Garment defects - During manufacturing process defects could
occur like faulty zippers, irregular hemming, loose buttons, raw edges, improper button holes, uneven parts, inappropriate trimming, and difference in fabric colours.
Various defects in garments:
within the same garment
Loose / hanging
buttons and holes
Needle cuts /
Pulled / loose
Zipper too short
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