By : Adriana Harizanova
Abstract: The paper presents an attempt for analysis of the theory in the sphere of the Management Information System (MIS). The information needs of the various managerial levels are pointed out and the stages in the development of MIS are defined. The growing importance of the application of MIS in tailoring industry is shown.
Key words: Information Technology (IT), Management Information System (MIS),
We are living in a time of great change and working in an Information Age. Managers have to assimilate masses of data, convert that data into information, form conclusions about that information and make decisions leading to the achievement of business objectives. For an organisation, information is as important resource as money, machinery and manpower. It is essential for the survival of the enterprise.
Before the widespread use of computers, many organisations found difficulties in gathering, storing, organising and distributing large amounts of data and information. Developments in computer technology made possible for managers to select the information they require, in the form best suited for their needs and in time they want. This information must be current and in many cases is needed by many people at the same time. So it has to be accurate, concise, timely, complete, well presented and storable. Most firms nowadays depend on IT. But personal computers (PCs) themselves will not improve organisational productivity: this only comes about if they are used efficiently and effectively.
The information system is the mechanism to ensure that information is available to the managers in the form they want it and when they need it. It is designed to support their work through providing relevant information for their decision-making. Computer systems can clearly aid organisations in the processing of data into accurate, well presented, up-to-date and cost-effective information. Weather that information is also concise, relevant, timely and complete will depend largely on the capabilities of the people involved in its processing and selection.
Defining the terms
Technology is a general term for the processes by which human beings fashion tools and machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment. The term is derived from the Greek words tekhne, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, meaning an area of study; thus technology means, the study, or the science of crafting.
Information technology (IT) and computers can be viewed as tools enabling the rapid capture, manipulation, storage and communication of information. They may help the managers to administrate and control, to make decisions but not to lead. IT is a term that covers the hardware and software used for storing, processing or communicating information. It is through IT that companies can define, gather, store, manipulate, and communicate data to smooth the flow of information.