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Dr. S. Sudalaimuthu
Lecturer
Department of Commerce
Bharathiar University
Coimbatore- 641046
J Lilly
M.Phil Scholar
Department of commerce
Bharathiar University
Coimbatore- 641046


Abstract

Electronic commerce or e-commerce consists primarily of the distributing, buying, selling, marketing, and servicing of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. The four functions of e-commerce are:

Communication

Process management

Service management

Transaction capabilities

DISTINCT CATEGORIES OF E-COMMERCE

Business-to-business (B2B)

Business-to-Consumer (B2C)

Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C)

Consumer-to-Business (C2B)

The total value of E-commerce activities within India has exceeded Rs 5.7 billion during 2004-05, according to a research conducted by Internet & Online Association of India (IOAI). Indias IT services exports have almost doubled in two years and now account for more than 16 per cent of total exports and 8 per cent of all foreign exchange earnings. Given the extraordinary growth rates of e-services exports, the latter figure is expected to reach 30 per cent by 2008. Policy measures to support exporters of e-services should focus on increasing market access in e-services for exporters from the developing countries, as well as addressing domestic obstacles related to technology, payments, infrastructure (telecommunications) and standards.

The e-commerce is one of the biggest thing that has taken the business by a storm. It is creating an entire new economy, which has a huge potential and is fundamentally changing the way businesses are done.

INTRODUCTION

Electronic commerce or e-commerce consists primarily of the distributing, buying, selling, marketing, and servicing of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. The information technology industry might see it as an electronic business application aimed at commercial transactions. It can involve electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, e-marketing, online marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), automated inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. It typically uses electronic communications technology such as the Internet, extranets, e-mail, e-books, databases, and mobile phones.


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