Sportswear must incorporate many properties so that the sportsperson does not overheat during movement, but also does not cool down during rest periods. Another difficulty in the cooler transition period is that several layers have to be worn on top of each other. These must be attuned to each other so that each individual item of clothing can fulfil its own specific function.
Sportspeople demand a great deal from modern sports textiles which must keep the body warm whilst at the same time divert sweat away from the body. The specialist "Function and Care" department at the Hohenstein Institute in Bönnigheim investigates and optimises the different properties. The different degrees of sweating (vaporous sweat and liquid sweat) can be simulated by using what is known as the Skin Model.
This model enables the sweat management of sportswear to be established through the use of different parameters. These tests are particularly important for sportswear, since in order to provide the best possible support for the sports person, clothing must divert sweat away from the body, since moisture makes skin sensitive and more prone to injuries such as blisters.
Sweating does have one big benefit to sports people in summer as through evaporation during sport, sweat cools the body and prevents it from overheating. Ideally sweat evaporates on the skin and cools it directly. However when practising sport in summer a film of sweat nearly always forms on the skin.
Therefore large quantities of liquid sweat must be diverted away from the body so that evaporation cooling can occur. Then the sweat film which forms on the skin must immediately be cooled before the skin can benefit from it. If liquid sweat is diverted away from the skin, the sweat can then evaporate directly on the skin and then cool effectively. On the other hand sweat transported away from the skin evaporates further away and cools less.
Scientific studies have shown how dependent a person is on the comfort of his or her clothing. For example, scratchy or sweat-impermeable materials are not only unpleasant; they also reduce the performance of the wearer. However,it it is not only performance sports people who rely on heat-physiologically optimised clothing, leisure sports people also take advantage of the achievements of modern textiles.
Optimum cuts and the combination of different textiles ensure that the clothing meets the requirements. For instance, in areas of the body where there is a tendency to sweat more, materials are used which are particularly effective in diverting sweat away from the body.
Other areas are protected from cooling down through heat-insulating fabrics. Sportswear should dry as quickly as possible so that the wearer does not cool down further after the end of the sports activity.
The skin sensorial properties of the materials are also considered. The clothing must feel pleasant against the skin. It must not scratch, cause abrasions or stick to the moist skin. Sports textiles should increasingly be both comfortable and provide active support to the sports person.
Apparel/Garments | On 28th Jul 2017
DuPont Advanced Materials has announced availability of its newest...
Textiles | On 28th Jul 2017
Clariant and Huntsman Corporation have presented a first update on...
Apparel/Garments | On 28th Jul 2017
Columbia Sportswear Company has recorded net sales of $398.9 million...
Varinder Singh Jawanda
Sizing and fitting issues are inherent problems for companies expanding...
‘The intimatewear category in India is slowly becoming trend-sensitive.’
The biggest challenge is lack of skilled workforce and competition from...
Suominen Corporation is a manufacturer of nonwovens as roll goods for...
Kevin Nelson, Chief Scientific Officer, TissueGen discusses the growing...
Coating at a fibre level is a practice not usually seen in the...
Label Ritu Kumar
‘Classics will return’ "There are a lot of people wearing western clothes ...
Bani Batra’s couture wedding collection is inspired by traditional Indian...
Rupa Sood and Sharan Apparao
Nayaab, an exhibition meant to celebrate Indian weaves, is in its second...
Do you think the sustainability space has the needed tools and resources available for a business to lead change?Yes No Skip
Do you think adopting a sustainable approach will be a profitable move for your business?Yes No Skip
Do you want the world to know about your sustainability journey and your business’ environmental footprint?Yes No Skip
Thanks for your valuable feedback. Claim your free latest sustainability e-book.