Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Forced labour rampant in Uzbek silk sector
Forced labour rampant in Uzbek silk sector
28
May '16
In a damning report, the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights has said that the Uzbek government instead of using cocoon cultivation as a development strategy or means of poverty alleviation, exploits the most vulnerable sectors of the population, such as farmers, teachers, and rural residents dependent on social welfare payments, and forces them to cultivate cocoons under threats of penalties.

After a wide survey, the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights concluded that “Uzbek government officials use forced labor to reap the profit from silk exports, produced by a system that relies on human rights violations and which contributes to corruption and poverty.”

Uzbekistan exports the majority of silk produced, providing the government with a key source of hard currency, but profits are not returned to producers. The state strives to produce ever-greater quantities of silk but, given the current production system, this leads to greater pressure and rights violations against farmers and the further impoverishment of the rural population.

“This system survives only in the context of an opaque and corrupt state-controlled economy, lack of ownership of land and lack of rule of law. Entrenched interests in the profits from the silk industry in the hands of a small elite serve as a disincentive for true structural reforms,” the report said.

It called for real structural reforms to transform the silk industry from a system of exploitation to an economic sector that supports sustainable livelihoods to rural residents. “Fundamentally, the government must uphold its international and national legal obligations to not use and abolish forced labour. Farmers must be provided real autonomy and meaningful decision-making authority over farming activities on the land they farm,” it said.

In its recommendations, the Forum has said the Uzbek government must take immediate measures to eradicate forced labour in silk cocoon production, abolish mandatory production quotas, hold government officials who continue to use or ignore the use of forced labour in the silk cocoon production accountable under the law and invite the International Labour Organization to examine compliance with international labor conventions.

It also recommended reforming the silk sector by guaranteeing private property rights, especially for farmers and their use of land under lease agreements and using world market prices to establish procurement prices and ending government monopoly control over the silk cocoon market.

The Forum also recommended that global financial institutions and donor organisations should ensure that no financing or project support contributes to the use of forced labour.

Must ReadView All

Union MSME minister Kalraj Mishra

Textiles | On 1st Oct 2016

MSME policy announcement likely in October

The MSME policy is likely to be launched in October, according to...

Textiles | On 1st Oct 2016

GST Council approves rules on payments & returns

The second meeting of the GST Council, headed by Union finance...

Bangladesh’s WTO ambassador Shameem Ahsan (right) submitting his country’s TFA instrument of acceptance to WTO director-general Roberto Azevêdo. Courtesy: WTO

Textiles | On 1st Oct 2016

Bangladesh ratifies WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement

Bangladesh has ratified the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA),...

Interviews View All

Akash Khetan
Narayan Tex Fab

Mukesh Agarwal & Rajesh Agarwal
Madhuram Fincap Pvt Ltd

Pratik Bachkaniwala
Palod Himson Machines

Mohammad Hassan
Biax Fiberfilm

About one in every 20 patients picks up an infection while hospitalised....

Eric Scholler
Groz-Beckert

The Indian market has huge potential in technical textiles, and by far,...

Silke Brand-Kirsch
Schlegel und Partner

Silke Brand-Kirsch, executive partner of Schlegel und Partner, a leading...

Judy Frater
Somaiya Kala Vidya

Among the many honours showered on Frater, including Fulbright and Ford...

Bani Batra

Bani Batra’s couture wedding collection is inspired by traditional Indian...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH
September 2016

September 2016

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

SUBSCRIBE


Browse Our Archives

GO


Advanced Search