Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Indian govt unveils 'ZLD' norms for textile sector
Indian govt unveils 'ZLD' norms for textile sector
03
Dec '15
The textile industry has been one of biggest polluters in the country. Now, the Central Government has decided to crack the whip. According to media reports, a draft notification of the Government has directed the textile industry to strictly follow Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) norms. ZLD essentially means that a factory should recycle all its effluents and not release even a drop into any water body.

According to the guidelines, all textile units including dyeing units, cotton or wool processing units and integrated factories generating over 25 kilo litre of effluents daily must install Zero Liquid Discharge effluent treatment plants.

The notification is being seen as a first serious step towards cleaning the pollutants that has been discharged into the water bodies by the textile units over the period of time.

The Indian textile industry is a heavy polluter, and some factories in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu in 2011 were closed down by court orders and in Rajasthan this year.

Gujarat's Vapi Industrial area that comprised 22 textile units, for example, had gravely polluted and destructed the ecosystem of the area, before it was shut down in 2011.

The pollution is mainly caused by untreated or partially-treated effluents released from the units into streams, rivers, oceans. It pollutes water bodies of the area and also contaminates the aquifers.

The implications of Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) norms, if implemented, will hamper the growth of textile industry. A scrutiny of the notification reveals that it could do more harm than good, to both the industry and the environment.

Several clauses in the draft policy can potentially wipe out the textile industry. While the draft policy is meant to force the textile industry to clean up its act, the “Zero Liquid Discharge” implies a complete stop to the release of any pollutants. But it has been observed that even when effluents are treated in a ZLD plant, sludge remains and has to be dumped.

Secondly, according to an estimate, a textile unit that generates 100 tonnes of effluents will end up generating 500 tonnes of effluents if they reduce the Chemical Oxygen Demand to 200mg/litre. This will create the problem of dumping the sludge.

Chemical Oxygen Demand or COD test is commonly used to indirectly measure the amount of organic compounds in water.

The ZLD system is not very cost effective either. Several small and medium scale industries cannot afford it even if they go for a common facility. This might force them to close down. (SH)

Fibre2Fashion News Desk - India

Must ReadView All

Textiles | On 10th Dec 2016

India’s 2016-17 cotton import to touch 17 lakh bales

The import of cotton from international markets by spinning mills in...

Textiles | On 10th Dec 2016

US textile & apparel imports fall 6.50% in Jan-Oct ’16

The import of textiles and apparel by United States dropped 6.50 per...

Textiles | On 10th Dec 2016

Indian textile hubs adopt cashless payment modes

The textile ministry is promoting cashless payment within the...

Interviews View All

Spokesperson
Hugo Boss

'Hugo Boss works with carefully selected sourcing partners'

Neel Sawhney
One Friday

‘The share of kidswear segment in the online sector is still small in...

Priyanka
Studio Priyanka Rajiv

‘To reinvent the age-old tradition of embroidery to suit demographics and...

Ashok Desai
Bombay Textile Research Association

Bombay Textile Research Association (BTRA) is a leading name in textile...

Johan Berlin
InvestKonsult Sweden AB

Investkonsult Sweden AB has been buying and selling second-hand textile...

Kai Poehler
Voith Paper GmbH & Co. KG

The glass mat industry is growing by five to eight per cent annually. Kai...

Robert Brunner
Devereux

Golfwear and menswear brand Devereux is set for greener pastures. Robert...

Rupa Sood and Sharan Apparao
Nayaab

Nayaab, an exhibition meant to celebrate Indian weaves, is in its second...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH
December 2016

December 2016

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

SUBSCRIBE


Browse Our Archives

GO


Advanced Search