Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Indian govt unveils 'ZLD' norms for textile sector
Indian govt unveils 'ZLD' norms for textile sector
03
Dec '15
The textile industry has been one of biggest polluters in the country. Now, the Central Government has decided to crack the whip. According to media reports, a draft notification of the Government has directed the textile industry to strictly follow Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) norms. ZLD essentially means that a factory should recycle all its effluents and not release even a drop into any water body.

According to the guidelines, all textile units including dyeing units, cotton or wool processing units and integrated factories generating over 25 kilo litre of effluents daily must install Zero Liquid Discharge effluent treatment plants.

The notification is being seen as a first serious step towards cleaning the pollutants that has been discharged into the water bodies by the textile units over the period of time.

The Indian textile industry is a heavy polluter, and some factories in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu in 2011 were closed down by court orders and in Rajasthan this year.

Gujarat's Vapi Industrial area that comprised 22 textile units, for example, had gravely polluted and destructed the ecosystem of the area, before it was shut down in 2011.

The pollution is mainly caused by untreated or partially-treated effluents released from the units into streams, rivers, oceans. It pollutes water bodies of the area and also contaminates the aquifers.

The implications of Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) norms, if implemented, will hamper the growth of textile industry. A scrutiny of the notification reveals that it could do more harm than good, to both the industry and the environment.

Several clauses in the draft policy can potentially wipe out the textile industry. While the draft policy is meant to force the textile industry to clean up its act, the “Zero Liquid Discharge” implies a complete stop to the release of any pollutants. But it has been observed that even when effluents are treated in a ZLD plant, sludge remains and has to be dumped.

Secondly, according to an estimate, a textile unit that generates 100 tonnes of effluents will end up generating 500 tonnes of effluents if they reduce the Chemical Oxygen Demand to 200mg/litre. This will create the problem of dumping the sludge.

Chemical Oxygen Demand or COD test is commonly used to indirectly measure the amount of organic compounds in water.

The ZLD system is not very cost effective either. Several small and medium scale industries cannot afford it even if they go for a common facility. This might force them to close down. (SH)

Fibre2Fashion News Desk - India


Must ReadView All

Textiles | On 18th Aug 2017

GST return filing deadline for transitional credit

For businesses who want to avail the transitional input tax credit...

Apparel/Garments | On 18th Aug 2017

Tough tax policy, lack of capital access for Myanmar SMEs

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Myanmar suffer from arduous...

Courtesy: IRBC

Textiles | On 18th Aug 2017

IRBC targets 80% of Dutch textile businesses by 2021

The Dutch Government and several industry organisations, trade unions ...

Interviews View All

Rashi Menda
Zapyle

Every fifth sale we make on Zapyle is a repeat purchase

Yash Agarwal
Hitansh Online

Every market region has its own culture and trends

Neel Sawhney
One Friday

‘The share of kidswear segment in the online sector is still small in...

Steve Cole
Xerium Technologies

Steve Cole of Xerium Technologies discusses the industry. Xerium is the...

Mark Paterson
Technical Absorbents Ltd

Mark Paterson, R&D manager of Technical Absorbents Ltd talks about Super...

Johan Berlin
InvestKonsult Sweden AB

Investkonsult Sweden AB has been buying and selling second-hand textile...

Sidharth Sinha
Sidharth Sinha

<b>Sidharth Sinha</b> has contributed to the successful rebirth and...

Wendell Rodricks
Wendell Rodricks

"We should not compare India and the West. There are things we do that...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH

August 2017

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

news category


Related Categories:

Planning to Take the Leap towards
Sustainability?

Do you see sustainability as a route to business growth?

Yes No

Do you think the sustainability space has the needed tools and resources available for a business to lead change?

Yes No

Active Poll

Do you see sustainability as a route to business growth?

Yes
69.0%
No
17.2%
Skip
13.8%

Total Votes: 29

Do you think adopting a sustainable approach will be a profitable move for your business?

Yes No

Active Poll

Do you think the sustainability space has the needed tools and resources available for a business to lead change?

Yes
41.4%
No
37.9%
Skip
20.7%

Total Votes: 29

Do you want the world to know about your sustainability journey and your business’ environmental footprint?

Yes No

Active Poll

Do you think adopting a sustainable approach will be a profitable move for your business?

Yes
82.8%
No
6.9%
Skip
10.3%

Total Votes: 29

Thanks for your valuable feedback. Claim your free latest sustainability e-book.

Active Poll

Do you want the world to know about your sustainability journey and your business’ environmental footprint?

Yes
58.6%
No
10.3%
Skip
31.0%

Total Votes: 29


E-News Insight
Subscribe Today and Get the
Latest News Update in Your Mail Box.
Advanced Search