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New formaldehyde & Azo dyes testing norms in Vietnam
Dec '15
On October 30, 2015, the Vietnamese government issued a new circular stipulating content limits and testing procedure for formaldehyde and banned cleavage aromatic amines from Azo dyes in textile products.

According to a SGS press release, the new circular became effective December 15, 2015 onwards and supersedes circular no. 32/2009/TT-BCT dated November 5, 2009.

Formaldehyde content needs to be tested under TCVN 7421-1:2013 / ISO 14184-1:2011 for textile products for children under 36 months of age and should be less or equal to 30 mg per kg.

For textile products in direct contact with skin, formaldehyde should be less or equal to 75 mg per kg and will be needed to be tested under the same method

For textile products without direct contact with skin, formaldehyde content should be less or equal to 300 mg per kg using the same test method.

In case of Azo dyes, the textile product will need to be tested under EN 14362-1:2012 / EN 14362-3:2012 or ISO 24362-1:2014 / ISO 24362-3:2014 and should be less or equal to 30 mg per kg.

SGS further said that untreated yarns and untreated fabrics are not subject to the regulation.

The regulation applies to manufacturers and individuals producing and importing textile products sold in the Vietnam market and MOIT organisations designated and authorised to participate in the state examination for the content of formaldehyde and azo dyes in textile products.

The inspection carried out by the authorised organisation for imported textile products uses a specific sampling plan; regular sampling for testing, reduced sampling for testing, document review and random sampling for testing.

The regular sampling for testing plan will be done in accordance with existing regulations.

The reduced sampling for testing plan will be for production of the same textile products supplied by the same supplier, which have passed three consecutive inspections and the shipments meet the quality requirements specified in the regulations.

Document review is for textile products imported with a quality certificate, a recognised test report, enterprise quality control system that complies with the requirements prescribed in the regulations.

Random sampling for testing is subject to the approval from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, as supported from document review.

From July 1, 2016, the Vietnam customs authorities will only approve imported textile products for customs clearance that comply with the quality requirements for the acceptable limits of formaldehyde and azo dyes in textile products stipulated in the circular and with shipment import records.

SGS Vietnam has been authorised by the MOIT as one of the labs to perform quality sampling, testing and certification in accordance with the circular requirements for imported textile products in Vietnam market. (AR)

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

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