Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Accumulating genetic markers helps in better cotton strain
Accumulating genetic markers helps in better cotton strain
20
Dec '12
The ability to spin a good yarn recently kept an international team of researchers focused on Gossypium raimondii, the simplest cotton genome. The researchers, including Jeremy Schmutz, faculty investigator at HudsonAlpha and head of the plant program at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute, compared the high quality draft assembly of the G. raimondii genome against other cotton species. The team’s findings are presented in the Dec. 20, 2012 edition of Nature.

“By accumulating genetic markers from a variety of species for a variety of qualities, we can facilitate better and targeted cotton strains,” said Schmutz. Textiles, biofuels production and environmental remediation are among broad categories that could benefit from specific traits, while reducing pesticide use, improving disease resistance and promoting more efficient water usage would provide across-the-board benefits.

Indigenous to the Americas, G. raimondii, while not commonly found in U.S. fields, was chosen for sequencing because it has a comparatively small genome and is less complex than most varieties. “The U.S. Department of Agriculture provided several sets of data,” said Schmutz, “and overall, more than 20 years of analysis gleaned from numerous organizations has brought us to this point.” The team of researchers representing 31 institutions traced the evolution of cotton over millions of years, from wild varieties to what is currently grown for modern production.

While much of U.S. cotton is used in textiles, the cotton data will accelerate the study of gene function in cellulose biosynthesis, a fundamental process in biofuels production.  Additionally, cotton is important in bioremediation efforts. “Cotton can absorb many times its weight in oil and can be useful for cleanup efforts,” said Schmutz, referencing the Deepwater Horizon spill.  “Cotton is also a metal concentrator.” The cotton plant draws metals up into its leaves, he explained, removing heavy metals from soil.

In the U.S., more than 200,000 domestic jobs are related to cotton production and processing, with an aggregate influence of $35 billion on the annual U.S. gross domestic product. The value of cotton fiber grown in the U.S. exceeds $6 billion per year. Cottonseed oil and meal byproducts add another $1 billion annually.

Top cotton-producing counties in Alabama include Limestone, Madison, Lawrence, Monroe, Colbert, Escambia, Lauderdale, Cherokee, Baldwin and Geneva.  According to the Alabama Cotton Producers, the state ranks ninth in the nation in production.

Schmutz said the study is a good example of government, academic and industry resources coming together for crop improvement.  In addition to DOE JGI, other key organizations include the University of Georgia, the USDA, Cotton Incorporated, Iowa State University, Mississippi State University, the Consortium for Plant Biotechnology Research and the U.S. National Science Foundation.

HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology


Must ReadView All

Europe fights against microplastic release from textiles

Textiles | On 18th Jan 2018

Europe fights against microplastic release from textiles

The European Commission, the institution of the European Union, has...

Egypt starts building biggest textile city in Al-Sadat

Textiles | On 18th Jan 2018

Egypt starts building biggest textile city in Al-Sadat

Egypt has started construction of the biggest city for textiles and...

Vietnam targets $20 bn from export of footwear, bags

Apparel/Garments | On 18th Jan 2018

Vietnam targets $20 bn from export of footwear, bags

Vietnam targets to earn around $20 billion from the export of...

Interviews View All

Rahul Bhadani
Looksgud

Navigating through catalogues is a bit hasslesome

Mandeep Nagi
Shades of India

Women value something that is unique and has a flavour of India

Representatives
Textile & apparel industry

GST is a complicated and lengthy process

Anupam Arya

<div>Jaipur-based Fabriclore Retailing Pvt. Ltd. is attempting to revive...

Ravindra Jain, Ashish Baid

Oswal Prints Private Limited has been manufacturing and exporting ethnic...

Harsh Shah

Established in 1956 with a small beginning, Embee today manufactures a...

Mohammad Hassan
Biax Fiberfilm

About one in every 20 patients picks up an infection while hospitalised....

Marten Alkhagen
Swerea IVF AB

Marten Alkhagen, Senior Scientist - Nonwoven and Technical Textiles of...

Suresh Patel
Sidwin Fabric

Sidwin Fabric is a manufacturer and exporter of polypropylene textiles and ...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Sidharth Sinha
Sidharth Sinha

<b>Sidharth Sinha</b> has contributed to the successful rebirth and...

Pranav Mishra
Huemn

Designers Pranav Mishra and Shyma Shetty’s Huemn is known for its...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH

January 2018

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

news category


Related Categories:

Planning to Take the Leap towards
Sustainability?

Do you see sustainability as a route to business growth?

Yes No

Do you think the sustainability space has the needed tools and resources available for a business to lead change?

Yes No

Active Poll

Do you see sustainability as a route to business growth?

Yes
69.1%
No
13.4%
Skip
17.5%

Total Votes: 97

Do you think adopting a sustainable approach will be a profitable move for your business?

Yes No

Active Poll

Do you think the sustainability space has the needed tools and resources available for a business to lead change?

Yes
63.9%
No
28.9%
Skip
7.2%

Total Votes: 97

Do you want the world to know about your sustainability journey and your business’ environmental footprint?

Yes No

Active Poll

Do you think adopting a sustainable approach will be a profitable move for your business?

Yes
87.6%
No
9.3%
Skip
3.1%

Total Votes: 97

Thanks for your valuable feedback. Claim your free latest sustainability e-book.

Active Poll

Do you want the world to know about your sustainability journey and your business’ environmental footprint?

Yes
82.5%
No
8.2%
Skip
9.3%

Total Votes: 97


E-News Insight
Subscribe Today and Get the
Latest News Update in Your Mail Box.
Advanced Search