Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / New biomimetic fibres to revolutionize textile sector
New biomimetic fibres to revolutionize textile sector
05
Feb '13
A UK start-up has unveiled the world’s first fibres that significantly improve the breathability of textiles in response to moisture. INOTEK fibres alleviate the feeling of dampness by increasing the permeability of yarns and textiles as moisture builds up around them. This new technology will enable manufacturers of items like sports clothing, base layers, underwear, socks and bedding fabrics to bring new products to market that improve the comfort of their customers by keeping them dryer for longer and getting them dry quicker in extreme conditions.

The technology has been developed by leading academic Dr Veronika Kapsali, co-founder of MMT Textiles and an expert in clothing comfort and biomimetic materials. The U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Centre in Massachusetts have tested a range of textiles using INOTEK patented fibres and validated all the resulting data.

Everyone who has worked up a sweat at the gym or been stuck on a crowded underground train on a humid day will know the discomfort caused by damp clothes. The sensation is particularly evident when moving into a cold environment as frequently happens when you leave the gym on a cold evening or when leaving your train on your daily commute.

Current smart textile systems aiming to reduce the discomfort caused by moving between hot and cold environments generally rely on temperature as a stimulus. However Dr Veronika Kapsali’s research revealed that managing the impact of humidity itself is a much more effective trigger in reducing levels of discomfort. The breathability of INOTEK textiles improves gradually from the first point of elevated relative humidity up to optimum performance at the point of saturation. The risk of sweat stained clothing is, therefore, dramatically reduced.

INOTEK’s adaptive technology is inspired by the botanical structure of pine cones which open and close in response to moisture levels. Conventional fibres swell as they absorb moisture. Wool expands by up to 30% of its original width when wet. This causes the yarn to swell, reducing the permeability of the textile structure.

INOTEK fibres do the complete opposite. As the textile begins to absorb moisture, the fibres start to close (mimicking the pine cone) and reduce in volume causing yarn to thin three-dimensionally in the cross-section. Microscopic air pockets are opened in the textile and this increases its breathability. In contrast to pure wool, an INOTEK/wool blended yarn can reduce its thickness by up to 10% of its original width in damp conditions.

The reactive response to humidity is also reversible. INOTEK fibres revert back to their original state in dry conditions, reducing air permeability and increasing insulation of the textile.

Dr Kapsali says: “The textile and fashion world is always looking for innovation and there is growing interest in the application of biological processes to make clothes more comfortable and practical. Ventilation is one area where we can learn much from successful adaptations in nature. INOTEK fibre technology mimics the systems found in pine cones by responding to levels of humidity in the micro-climate. We call this the ‘pine cone effec ".

Must ReadView All

Textiles | On 28th Mar 2017

India may impose duty on elastomeric filament yarn

The Government of India is likely to impose anti-dumping duty on...

Courtesy: Lee Cooper

Apparel/Garments | On 28th Mar 2017

CCI clears FLFL proposal to divest Lee Cooper

The Competition Commission (CCI) of India has approved the proposal...

Textiles | On 28th Mar 2017

Bardoli CEFC to benefit south Gujarat MSMEs

India’s first common engineering facility centre (CEFC) at Bardoli,...

Interviews View All

Janak Dhamanwala & Sunil Dhamanwala
Jansun

Moving towards sustainability is also a social change

Veronique Lee
Modavanti

‘Sustainable fashion is trending upwards, slowly but surely, as people...

Frank Gossmann
Rotorcraft AG

‘RT3 motto is: Do not check millimetres, check colours.’

Eric Scholler
Groz-Beckert

The Indian market has huge potential in technical textiles, and by far,...

Marcel Alberts
Eurofibers

Coating at a fibre level is a practice not usually seen in the...

Larry L Kinn
Suominen Corporation

Larry L Kinn, Senior Vice President - Operations Americas of Suominen...

Sonam & Paras Modi
SVA

Sonam and Paras Modi's Sva Couture is synonymous with head-turning...

Ritu Kumar
Label Ritu Kumar

‘Classics will return’ "There are a lot of people wearing western clothes ...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH
March 2017

March 2017

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

SUBSCRIBE


Browse Our Archives

GO


eNEWS
Insights
Subscribe today and get the latest News update in your mail box.
Advanced Search