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India bans 112 azo dyes in imported textiles & clothing
Jul '14
India has published legislation prohibiting the handling of a total of 112 azo and benzidine based dyes. In 1993, the Government of India prohibited the handling of 42 benzidine-based dyes. The Ministry of Environment and Forests further prohibited the handling of an additional 70 azo dyes in 1997. 
According to the Indian import policy, import of textiles and textile articles is permitted subject to the condition that they do not contain any of the hazardous dyes (azo dyes) whose handling, production, carriage or use is prohibited in India under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. This amendment was made to the Indian legislation by the Notification No. 03 (RE-2001)/1997-2002 dated on 31 March 2002. 
Textile Testing and Pre-Shipment Certification for Imported Textiles in India - 
Under the Notification of Ministry of Commerce No. 03 (RE-2001), a pre-shipment certification is required declaring that the shipment is free of azo dyes. The pre-shipment certification must be from a textile testing laboratory accredited to the National Accreditation Agency of the country of origin, certifying that the products do not contain any of the prohibited dyes. 
It is required for all imported textile products, that testing must be done for every consignment on every model and color in order to ensure compliance to the azo requirement. 
The amendment of the regulation by Public Notice No. 12 (RE-2001), clarified that if imported consignments carry a pre-shipment inspection certificate issued by a textile testing laboratory accredited by a National Accreditation Agency of the country of origin, is not required that testing be done during customs clearance. Otherwise, testing and certification will be required before importation is allowed.
Textile Products Imported with Pre-Shipment Inspection Certificate -
- Imported textile products with a pre-shipment inspection certificate can expedite custom clearance.
- If testing is required at the port of loading, samples must be collected by a third party inspector.
- Mandatory testing parameters are fiber composition and azo dyes.
- Testing can be carried out by a textile testing laboratory from the country of origin. The laboratory must be accredited to ISO 17025 by a national accreditation agency and the accreditation agency logo must be on the testing report.
- Testing reports with "pass" result should be given to the inspection team for pre-shipment inspection certificate issuance.
Textile Products Imported without Pre-Shipment Inspection Certificate -
- For textile products imported into India without any testing, importers are required to reserve 25% of their shipment for random testing by India Customs.
- Testing will be done by an India laboratory which is approved by the Ministry of Textiles.
- Mandatory testing parameters are fiber composition and azo dyes.
- Shipment will be released after a "pass" result is obtained.


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