Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Sequencing Cotton Genomes- a sustainable solution: Texas University
Sequencing Cotton Genomes- a sustainable solution: Texas University
20
Sep '10
Dr. Z. Jeffrey Chen and his colleagues will use next-generation DNA sequencing technologies to study the genomics of fiber production in cotton, the largest source of natural and renewable fiber in the world, with a $3.8 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

One of the goals of the project is to improve cotton fiber yield and quality. Cotton is a multibillion-dollar crop in the U.S. and one of the country's key exports. Texas leads the country in cotton production and produces about 25 percent of the U.S. crop every year.

Chen is the lead investigator on the NSF grant, which builds on research findings from a previous $2.5 million NSF grant. Other investigators include Foo Cheung from the J. Craig Venter Institute, Candace Haigler from North Carolina State University, Brian Scheffler from Alcorn State University and David Stelly from Texas A&M University.

"The more we can understand fiber cell development and improve cotton fiber yield, the better we can provide a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based synthetic fibers," says Chen, the D. J. Sibley Centennial Professor in Plant Molecular Genetics.

The scientists aim to identify cotton genes and gene sequences that are important for the development of cotton fiber cells and synthesis of cellulose and cell walls. They will use next-generation sequencing technology to identify gene expression changes at key stages of cotton fiber development. The research could also have applications to biofuels and the cottonseed oil industry.

They will develop resources for sequencing the genomes of two major cultivated species, Upland and Pima cotton, which are of polyploid origin, meaning they have multiple genomes. Sequencing polyploid genomes and understanding functions of duplicate genes are among the biggest scientific challenges in organisms with complex genomes, including cotton and wheat.

Using cotton genomics and biotechnology they hope to reduce pesticide use and therefore decrease the ecological impact of growing cotton.

Chen and his collaborators are also bringing cutting-edge plant genomic science, such as DNA isolation and analyses, to middle and high schools in the Mississippi Delta. The group has developed and will continue to develop teaching tools and workshops to bring science to these underserved students and institutions.

Collaborators include outreach specialists and scientists at the United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service in Stoneville, Mississippi, and Alcorn State University (ASU) and Mississippi Valley State University (MVSU), two historically black colleges and universities.

The group is developing partnerships with ASU and MVSU to enhance master of science degrees in bioinformatics and biotechnology.

University of Texas

Must ReadView All

Courtesy: Delta Apparel

Apparel/Garments | On 31st Aug 2016

Delta Apparel acquires clothing brand Coast

Delta Apparel said it has bought a majority of assets in clothing...

Textiles | On 31st Aug 2016

Trützschler showing new technologies at ITMA ASIA

German textile machinery producer Trützschler will be showing new and ...

Courtesy: Textile Asia

Textiles | On 31st Aug 2016

$350mn worth of deals struck at Textile Asia fair in

The 16th International Textile Asia Exhibition in Pakistan ended with ...

Interviews View All

Karel Williams
Dow Microbial Control

'Silvadur is most rapidly adopted in areas where hygiene-conscious and...

Abhimanyu Singh Rathore & Barbara Anna Kosiorek
Kannbar

‘Blending cultures is the true beauty of fashion, where one’s imagination...

Spokesperson
Hugo Boss

'Hugo Boss works with carefully selected sourcing partners'

Kevin Nelson
TissueGen

Kevin Nelson, Chief Scientific Officer, TissueGen discusses the growing...

Larry L Kinn
Suominen Corporation

Larry L Kinn, Senior Vice President - Operations Americas of Suominen...

Steve Cole
Xerium Technologies

Steve Cole of Xerium Technologies discusses the industry. Xerium is the...

Judy Frater
Somaiya Kala Vidya

Among the many honours showered on Frater, including Fulbright and Ford...

Robert Brunner
Devereux

Golfwear and menswear brand Devereux is set for greener pastures. Robert...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH
August 2016

F2F Magazine

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

SUBSCRIBE


Browse Our Archives

GO


Advanced Search