Jute, well known as 'Golden Fiber' is used for clothing, cordage and sacking. Jute is factually one of the most resourceful fibers nature gifted to man, which has several uses. After cotton, it is the cheapest and most significant of all textile fibers.
Jute is the lowest priced lignocellulosic, long vegetable bast fibre accessible around the globe. Jute farming generates work for hundreds of thousands of farmers, laborers, industrial workers and indirectly creating job opportunity for several others.
Massive acceptance of jute for wide ranges of life style consumer products is a result of great versatility of Jute. Spinning and weaving of the high quality yarns into light weight fine textured fabrics of standardized constitution in beautiful colors and designs are conducted in both handlooms and factories. Highly enhanced processes like bleaching, dyeing and finishing and by mixing jute with other synthetic and natural fibers, results better feel, shine, graze resistance and artistic appeal.
The traditional Indian craftsmanship and art is reflected in a huge range of jute clothing, handicrafts, decorative materials and many more products. Exotic product assortment of Jute comprises floor covering and carpets, window/door and wall coverings, table mats, swings, bags, hammocks, room decor, bedroom slippers, bedspreads, shawls, blankets, shirts, skirts and other clothing items, and an ideal host for many other home textile products.
Jute can be considered as an eco-friendly natural fiber with hundreds of application prospects that ranges from geo-textiles to apparel, carpet, decorative items, upholstery, home furnishings, fancy non-woven etc. With versatility, jute deserves to be considered as the best fiber for the future.
In near future, a number of jute factories and mini jute mills will be witnessed more engaged in a considerable way in manufacturing of jute and blended yarns, especially via various ways of manufacturing to produce value added yarns. This versatile fiber can be used in many applications, however, the traditional usage has been sustained in packing as Hessian, sacking, and carpet backing. These light weight yarns are likely to be utilized in value added textile production like home-furnishing, upholstery, apparel and bags etc.
Jute Industry in India A Glace
For centuries, jute is being cultivated in India. Jute is prime crop in eastern region of India. The major jute cultivating provinces are Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Tripura, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.
At present, the production of the fibre in India is nearly 10 million bales and about 73 jute factories are currently operating in India. In addition, there are quite a lot of small scale industries in the decentralized segment making handicrafts, decorative items, yarns, and pulp from jute.
The jute products from Madhya Pradesh are an exclusive blend of artistic sense and usefulness. Skilled craftsmen at Hasta Shilp Vikas Nigam already have experimented with the fiber. Each artistic work unveils an exclusive charisma to it and the items so made are marketed via the Madhya Pradesh state emporium, "Mriganayani". Other major centers for jute production are Raipur, Indore, Bhopal, and Gwalior.
Milestones Indian Jute Industry
The biggest manufacturer of raw jute around the globe.
The largest producer of jute goods worldwide.
The immense capability to produce the huge range of products assortment.
Complete and high standard R&D facilities in the segment of jute agriculture, developing the product and machinery.
World standard infrastructure, such as ports, logistic facilities etc.
A pulsating industry oriented to provide highest buyer satisfaction.
The capacity to manufacture and cater the global demand for apparel and food-grade jute bags.
Food-grade jute bags and cloth produced in India - are an advantage in the framework of worldwide environmental and natural distress. Indian food-grade jute bags have a doubled edged benefit, preserving food in all natural way.
Research & Development - Jute Industry in India
R&D conducted by reputed Indian institutes has led to an intensification of the natural characteristics of jute fibre. Technological aid along with government's developmental efforts, has made jute to cross the threshold of several range of applications, contributing to continue human development, generating employment opportunities and offering a cleaner environment.
Extensive R&D through many research institutes, most supported by Govt. of India, resulted in amazing penetration in the diversification of product assortment.
High-flying products are:
Hydro carbon-free for packing food-grade products, such as coffee, cocoa, shelled nuts and many more.
Manufacturing jute blended yarns, Jute-Viscose, Jute-Acrylic, and Jute-Cotton, jute content differs from 60 to 70 percent in weight. These yarns are used in making shawls, blankets, thick materials and pullovers.
Manufacturing of fine blended yarns utilizing Jute-Silk, Jute-Wool, Jute-Cotton etc. for garment utilization jute content is nearly 30 to 40 percent.
Some of the on-going projects are:
Using jute for making paper
Needle-punched carpets from jute
Developing of multi-component yarn from jute, wool and other fibers for making floor coverings, knitwear and blankets
In a move to make jute products successful particularly in the textiles segment, jute has been massively experimented with. More push is required on the diversification of jute products to face the challenge from synthetic substitutes due to their cheap prices.
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