By: Fibre2Fashion.Com

Introduction

Wet processing of garments is gaining popularity now-a-days. Apart from washing and cleaning, it can impart artistic and innovative look to the garments especially denim fabric. It is being considered as value addition element to the garments. Various finishings like anti-microbial, wrinkle-free, water resistant, moisture management, laser coating etc. can be achieved through wet processing of garments. The compass of fashion is directed towards denim, therefore innovative visual and wash effects are experimented on this fabric. Many variations in washes have been witnessed since the last decade in the segment of denim apparels.

Definition of Garment Processing

Out of four types of textile processing viz.- fibre processing, yarn processing, fabric processing and garment processing, the last option garment processing has gained momentum in past few years due to denim garments which is the largest garment segment being processed by this method. There are many advantages of wet processing of denims like it give softness to the garments, eliminates sizing problems, bleaching could be done at preferred parts of the garments, over dyeing could also be done, and so on. There are mainly two sub-segments of garment processing:-

1) Garment Finishing

Garment finishing through wet processing is responsible for adding beauty to the garment. Proper finishing could provide better look to the garment, change the feel of the fabric and bring about a change to the texture of the fabric. There are various types of finishes like peach finish, anti-microbial finish, wrinkle free finish, aroma finish, UV guard finish, acid wash, enzyme wash, etc.

2) Garment Dyeing

The garments are dyed to provide the color to them. Various types of dyes are available in the market like reactive dyes, sulphur dyes, direct dyes, pigments, vat dyes and natural dyes. The worn out look in the garment can be attained by using sulphur dyes and pigments, whereas tie and dye effect through reactive, direct and vat dyes. There are many factors based on which dyes are chosen like- color fastness, smoothness of its application and its shade.

Significance of Garment Processing

Garment processing provides the garment an identity and exclusive appearance. Different looks, finishing and designs could be made on the apparel. It helps in creating a brand image. In order to achieve proper processing different aspects are required to keep in mind like the choice of chemicals, production limitations and types of machinery used.

Many types of the designing effects can be given to the garment through the various processes. In comparison to fabric processing it is better, as the wide range of visual effects created through garment processing cannot be achieved by the latter. To give the garment different feels bio-polishing is done. Rubber balls, thermocol balls, golf balls and stones can be also used for giving different types of finishes alongwith application of softeners. All these cannot be achieved through fabric processing.