In this case, the means of "smart" can be taken as intelligent or clever. Smart clothes are the perfect blend of both, intelligence and fashion. The smart clothing covers all that garments produced with intelligent textiles, or in they are applied.

The intelligent textiles are mostly applied in fashion and insulation. Below is a highlight over the new developments in this field.

Applications in Insulation
Physical activity and the close atmosphere, i.e. humidity and temperature play major role for thermal insulation of the garments. The amount of heat generated by a person depends much on the physical activity, ranging from 100W to 1000W. In the cool atmosphere, the thermal insulation is defined to make the body warm.

In the case of winter sports, the temperature of body raises with more heat. In order to pull down this raised temperature in a bearable limit, the body perspires to extract energy by evaporative cooling. In thermal insulation, a part of the increased heat can be eliminated, thus the body does not perspire so much.

The density and thickness of component fabrics would govern the insulation in clothing against cold and heat. Lower density and more thickness are recommended to enhance insulation. In many cases, thermal insulation is produced by air gaps between the layers of the garment. But, the outer temperature also affects the insulation. Consequently, a garment is equipped with an ability to safeguard against cold and heat, selected temperature by the wearer.

A garment produced from a thicker fabric will weigh more and the wearer will not feel comfort. Thus an intelligent fabric that responds to external temperature can give comfortable protection.

Implication of intelligent textiles in fashion

The intelligent materials are mostly applied in the fashion garment assortments to produce exclusive design with the help of the chromic materials. These materials makes it possible to produce garments, which can change color depending on the quantity of light received. It is likely to have several color-changes, and in different ways, such as a swimming costume, which changes color when it is wet.

Recently, thrilling developments have been witnessed concerning to clothing with electronic systems built-in into the constituent fabrics and fibres, even in a print that is applied to the garment. Below are examples of recent developments:

Solar Jacket: It holds tools for communication and inspired playing like display, camera and microphone.

Corporate Clothing: Includes a microphone built-in the collar, a display and a digital helper incorporated in the sleeve.

Massaging kimono: It massages to the wearer, which can be govern on the level of relaxation.

Musical T-shirts: The wearer can enjoy favorite music stored in a chip, or even tune in many radio stations. It also provides moving images over the back.

Incorporation of technology into clothing depicts the beginning of new trends in the fashion sector. The new generation technology is briefly highlighted in the below content.

The new generation
In the next few years, clothing assortments are likely to incorporate more intelligence. The clothing will include the purpose of intermediate, transporter and interface for an enormously broad range of micro-systems. This latest innovations creates significant demands on creative capability in the clothing industry.

Micro-system technology is continuously making tinier components allowing intelligence to be blended with more exclusive products without producing off-putting results on the utilization.

A model medium between environment and humans is specifically clothing. Everybody wears many clothes one on the other, which makes it possible to incorporate micro-system components easily. The initiative should now be towards put-together computer systems and microchips as invisible into clothing.

This sector is full of inventions and potential for future of exclusive proportions that also offers possibilities in business terms. A founder of the "Smart Clothes" portrays intelligent clothing as perfect blend of mobile multi-media technology with wireless communication and tiny computers incorporated into garment. They differentiate between clothing that is defined for a particular profession, "smart uniforms" and clothing that everybody wear, even in their free time, "smart clothing". This deference does not concern to the technological aspect.

Intelligent clothing is expected to make people enable to communicate with others and computer systems to access worldwide information, such as through the Internet, and to govern activities wirelessly. This makes custom tasks smoother and will display new working ways, with the importance in both, making current applications easier and providing entirely new application fields.

Thus all the analysis required to enhance these smart clothes consequently provides push-up to needs on:

. Textile materials (type of processing, material composition, blends of non-textile materials).

. Processing (appropriate processing techniques, safe-guard of integrated communication technologies, stability)

. Patterning (ergonomics, comfort in wear, modular design, design of contact-sensitive zones, integration of communication modules)

Anticipation for "intelligent clothing"
It is anticipated that the results will likely to support the possibility of creating and producing smart clothes technologies in the clothing sector and the offering services in integration of intelligence with clothing.

Working close with the clothing industry will develop the base that is needed to offer developments in intelligent clothing with the huge commercial potential with minimum risk. At a later stage of development, it is likely to create more solid product assortments. Veterans expect that technologies in smart clothing will be launched in the market within the coming five to ten years.

This creates an opportunity for the clothing industry to work with inventive partners from different industry and buyers, contributing increase in turnover in the sectors like safety, entertainment or leisure sectors.