According to an official of Apparel Export Promotion Council (AEPC), the industry is likely to achieve an export target of US$ 25 billion by 2010-11. Mr. Vijay Agarwal, Chairman AEPC said that by the end of March2007, garment exports were expected to reach US$ 9.3 billion, a growth of around 9 to 10% as compared to 2005-06. He further said that to achieve the target of $25 billion, the industry would need an investment of Rs. 35000 crores in terms of related infrastructure and an additional 1.5 million people. To meet the need of trained staff, AEPC plans to set up 50 training centers, besides the 22 centers it already has across the country. By September 2007, AEPC plans to set up six centers and an academic cell in

Gurgaon.


Fully-automated textile processing in discontinuous (batch wise) yarn and piece dyeing


For those textiles finishing plants located in central Europe automation is of considerable importance for the profitability of the company since the dyer has to cope with enormous cost pressures. In this paper, experiences with a fully automated yarn dye-house (already in successful operation for four years now) and a fully automated piece dyeing plant are described. With such automated dye houses there is a chance for survival in Europe today.


Finishing plants in central Europe under pressure


With the globalization of the textile industry, it has become increasingly difficult for the textile finisher within the European market to maintain his position. In addition to wage costs in the textile industry, this depends to a great extent on the actual costs of processing within the European continent. In view of the costs of water and effluent treatment, there is considerable pressure to reduce the costs of water consumption. The use of energy raw materials dyes and auxiliaries better processing costs per kilogram of textile material are achieved. Moreover, the quality standards of the customer continue to increase and quicker finishing, i.e. shorter delivery time are demanded.

The influence of processing costs

A distinction is made nowadays between processing costs arising from environmental considerations and those influenced by commercial factors. Under environmental considerations, water and not least its availability and, quality takes first place.


In Europe especially, it is necessary to extract water which is suitable for the textile industry as well as to discharge effluent which complies with ecological requirements into the main outfall or the municipal waste water treatment plant. The cost of this effluent treatment is added directly to the cost per kg of material processed.

Commercial requirements include shorter delivery times, reproducibility of dyeings short production times and a high standard of quality. Reproducibility from batch to batch is crucial and it is obvious that only the slightest variations in color difference between the inside, middle and outside of a yarn package can be tolerated.


This requirement, and the need to maintain the physical properties of the yarn, is achieved by the use of frequency controlled motors and pump flow rates regulated by these motors during corresponding changes of liquor flow direction, As far as the reproducibility' human intervention should be the objective in a yarn dyeing plant, i,e. with as 'much automation as possible.


Control of yarn package winding density is an absolute must. To this end, effective cooperation between the winding room and the dye house is the least requirement. Differences in material and changes of raw material must be notified in good time. ln the dyeing process, it is necessary to pass through an appropriate PH range exactly, i.e. by optimizing PH control and carrying out pH regulation with the aid of suitable control instruments. This function is likewise controlled by accurate process automation.