Fabric has always played a vital part of our everyday life as it serves various purposes. Being a flexible medium, it can be wrapped tightly, or draped around, cut and stitched to one shape, woven or knitted to stretch to make many shapes, and can also be effectively combined with other materials to produce different final products creatively. Global fabrics industry is now experiencing drastic technological changes during the past decades resulting in an increase in yield and quality of fabrics, and a decrease in overhead and labor costs. New innovations in fabric manufacturing came and changed the industry forever.


During the earlier ages, fabrics were made from materials like cotton, wool, and flax. Materials depended on the area of manufacture and also the time it was being made. Cloth making was then a domestic activity. Later during Industrial Revolution, new machineries came into the scenario which made fabric making an organized industry. Today, latest technological advancements, and innovations in machineries have led to a competitive industry environment offering any variety of fabric, a person would prefer.


Textile manufacturing consists of a wide variety of skills and sectors starting from basic textile manufacturers to business distributors. Rapid advancements have taken place in the past decades. Globalization and liberalization has brought one countrys product for sale to another country. Fabric makers in one country face competition not only from domestic; but also from international manufacturers. China has come to dominate the global textile scenario, followed by Turkey, India, US, and other countries.




China's textile fabrics industry is currently seeing a robust growth. Their cultural growth, sales techniques, and improved technology, supplemented by low prices attribute to their success in this segment. Vast majority of textiles sold in big countries like US, and UK, is mainly manufactured in China. With the boom in contract manufacturing and outsourcing, textile trade continues to have a heated market in China. Followed by China's entry into the WTO (World Trade Organization), Chinese textile manufacturers are building up muscles to face the cut-throat competition both in the domestic and international markets. Manufacturers are putting their hard efforts to reach up to international standards in terms of capital personnel, information and management.


Co-coordinating with the foreign manufacturers to increase their export volume, and keeping abreast of the latest developments in the world market on the other hand will enhance the development opportunities of the Chinese manufacturers. Influx of foreign companies in China also facilitates them to learn advance designing and marketing management strategies. Their entry into WTO will increase the textile exports by a big margin.


Domestic demand is the main reason for the growth of textile industry in China rather than the countrys exports. With a population of 1.3 billion people in China, domestic demand has a steady and gradual growth. Sales volume of China shows an average increase of 26.78% during the past years, which is comparatively higher than the export volume. This data implies that domestic demand is more in China. Booming domestic consumption has boosted up the demand of textile fabrics, not only in the domestic market but also in the global market. The competition among domestic textile brands has simultaneously triggered the growth of household textile products as well.


China's knitted fabric industry has registered a growth percentage of 17% during the last year exporting around $3 billion USD worth of knitted fabrics. China's knitted fabric market is mainly dependent on the orders placed by big garment exporting countries in Asia. Any changes in the orders of these manufacturers influence the Chinese fabric industry. Many types of knitted fabric like single jersey, raschel, double interlock, tricot, rib, and purl are available in the Chinese fabric market. 80% of the suppliers specialize in knitted fabrics. Two thirds of the suppliers deal with weft knits for exports.



Trends observed in the Chinese knitting industry:


  • Chinese manufacturers are now upgrading their machineries to improve their production capability and quantity. Many new types of machinery with technological advancements are being purchased by the fabric makers in China either to manufacture more varieties of cloth, or to increase the quantity of fabric manufactured.


  • China will be the largest exporter of single knit jersey fabrics. Manufacturing process is very simple; not requiring any complex machinery and this fabric can be used in variety of apparels. Hence, more focus is given towards manufacturing this type of knitted fabrics.


  • Rise in the material costs will have an impact on the prices of finished garments.


China has also been one among the top ten countries exporting denim fabrics during 2005. Chinese denim fabric exporters are successful in penetrating the global markets and have thus acquired enormous profits. During 2000-2005, their overseas trade rose by an average of 18% which is four times more than the growth rate of denim fabric; worldwide. Good quality fabrics, comfortable and healthy can resurrect the fabric industry while meeting the consumers demand at the same time.




1)       http://www.lsa.umich.edu

2)       http://www.economywatch.com

3)       http://www.chinasourcingreports.com

4)       http://english.people.com.cn