Introduction


The fastest growing woody plant on this planet is bamboo. It grows one third faster than the fastest growing tree. Some species can grow up to 1 meter per day. Bamboo is just grass, but it varies in height from dwarf, one foot (30 cm) plants to giant timber bamboos that can grow to over 100 feet (30 m). It grows in many different climates, from jungles to high on mountainsides. Bamboos are further classified by the types of roots they have. Some, called runners, spread exuberantly, and others are classified as clampers (sympodial), which slowly expand from the original planting. There are also varieties of root systems that are a mixture of these types. Generally, the tropical bamboos tend to be clumpers and the temperate bamboos tend to be runners.


Bamboo fiber and starchy pulp are made from bamboo that grows widely through Asian countries. Starchy pulp is a refined product of bamboo stems and leaves through a process of hydrolysis-alkalization and multi-phase bleaching. Chemical fiber factories then process it into bamboo fiber.


Bamboo is both decorative and useful. In many parts of the world it is food, fodder, the primary construction material and is used for making great variety of useful objects from kitchen tools, to paper to dinnerware. Generally bamboos are commonly used for furniture, construction, musical instruments and many more things.


Bamboo is not only highly fashionable for decorative purposes but useful too. As it is a viable replacement for wood, in Far Eastern countries, it is the primary building material. Bamboo is in fact one of the strongest building materials available and even provided the first re-greening in Hiroshima after the atomic blast in 1945. Bamboo's tensile strength is 28,000 per square inch versus 23,000 for steel.


Botanically, bamboo is classified as:


KINGDOM

DIVISION

CLASS

SUBCLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

SUBFAMILY

TRIBE

SUBTRIBE

: Plantae

: Magnoliophyta

: Liliopsida

: Commelinidae

: Cyperales

: Gramineae (Poaceae)

: Bambusoideae

: Bambuseae

: Bambusinae


Compared with other textiles, bamboo fiber has the following advantages:


Natural anti-bacteria


It's a common fact that bamboo can thrive naturally without using any pesticide. It is seldom eaten by pests or infected by pathogen. Why? Scientists found that bamboo owns a unique anti-bacteria and bio-agent named "bamboo Kun". This substance combined with bamboo cellulose molecular tightly all along during the process of being produced into bamboo fiber.