Normally all the woven figured fabrics produce a figure / Image with positive colour and weave effect on one side and negative / opposite colour and weave effect of the same image on the other side. Fabrics woven with the weaves like Plain, Twill Sateen, Double cloth, Backed cloth etc are become reversible and can be used on either side. Where as fabrics woven with weaves / principles like Extra warp, Extra weft become non-reversible and could be used only one side.


Two-in-one figured fabric means a figured fabric contains two layers of cloth with two images one above the other. Each layer is woven to produce a figure / image different from other. For example, if face layer is woven with head of the coin, the back layer is with tail of the coin. The purpose of going for this fabric with two figures one backing the other is to use the fabric, by reversing, one time looking with one image and next time with the other one.


Two-in-one Jacquard fabric contains Elephant on one side and Horse on other side was developed in IIHT Salem. The principle was based on weaving two single cloth one below the other using 2 series of warp and 2 series of weft with sectional Jacquard tie and sectional punching. The two single cloths each formed with one series of warp and weft are self stitched by the warp and weft of one layer to another layer. Since this single cloth principle is well suited for weaving with medium and finer counts of yarns, the two in one fabric produced by this principle is also less in thickness suitable for door curtains and Bed spreads.


This article deals about a new type of two in one fabric produced in weft tapestry principle using coarser weft yarn producing thick fabric suitable for floor carpets and mats.

 


The new two in one fabric based on weft tapestry principle is developed by using 2 series of warp namely separation warp and stitching warp. The ratio between these two warps is 3:1 the weft is of one series in 4 colours. The separation warp is operated in figurative order by jacquard which decides the position of the weft. The separation warp forms three layers to decide the position of 4 layers of weft and remains in between the wefts without seen either on face side or back side. Out of 4 colour wefts (which are equal in thickness) 2 colour wefts are face image weft forming figure and ground of the face image while the other 2 colours of weft are back image weft forming figure and ground of the back image. The stitching warp runs up and down for the 4 colour wefts alternately stitching the weft float on the face and back side in plain order. Stitching warp and separating warps are separately taken in two beams. The stitching warp beam is kept in loose tension and separating warp beam is kept in normal tension.