Source: Textile Review

This article reviews the special types of finishes and washes given to knitted garments. The merits and demerits of the various softeners and their suitability for knitted garments is discussed herein. The proper procedure and precautions to be exercised have also been highlighted. A number of advantages accrue from softening, which have been mentioned. The special types of washes given to knit garments have been highlighted.

Softening and washing treatments are important for knitted goods besides wovens. These treatments do impart the desired effect on the fabrics. Besides the normal types of softening and washing treatments, special types that are suitable for knits are discussed in this paper. Various types of softeners such as anionic, non-ionic, cationic and reactive softeners are used. Each of these have a particular effect on the fabrics. Though there are advantages in these methods, there are problems encountered. These are discussed in this paper.

Softening of knitted goods

To soften the knitted goods, softening is done by using softening agents. Because it is tubular form, normally exhaust method is applied using winch machine softeners like anionic, nonionic, cationic and reactive softeners may be used. Reactive softeners produce permanent softening effect. Silicone emulsion is also used as softening agent for knitted goods.

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About the Authors

The authors are associated with NIFT TEA College of Knitwear Fashion, Tiruppur

Originally published in Textile Review; July 2009