Introduction


During the last quarter of a century, considerable research has been carried out into the nature of learning and the techniques of teaching. Much has been discovered of the psychological factors, but the most significant development in the field of industrial training has been the development of AAMT.


These are based mainly on a thorough analysis of the skills and methods of a job followed by a carefully controlled programme of itemised instruction and practice on each separate part of the job.


Aims of AAMT


It has been developed by KURT SALMON, associates to provide the easiest, most efficient and most rapid method of training operators. The aims are as follows:


1. Base of Learning: Learning any job is difficult and requires hard work concentration, attention and willingness to learn. AAMT helps to make learning less difficult by training a new operator in each aspect of the job.


2. Efficient Learning: Only the correct methods, the correct pace and co-ordination and the correct quality are trained. In addition each new operator follows its own programme and training, suited to own ability.


3. Rapid Learning: According to AAMT operators are trained to achieve high production and good quality in only about one third of the normally taken. This streamlined learning process greatly reduces the make up cost of new operator and helps the learner to achieve a high level of earnings.


4. Retraining: It helps the experienced operators to improve the quality of their work.


5. Cross Training: Its approach eases the transition from the old job to the new and helps the employee makes a full contribution. Improved methods discovered make the operations new and improved methods to reduce he cost of the arrangement.


Result of AAMT:


1. Reduced learning times: Traditional learning time can be reduced to 50% to 70%. Result in increased productivity.


2. Increasing productivity: For new operators during first six months can be raised to 30% to 60% can lead to substantial savings in the recovery of fixed overhead costs specially when company is expanding.


3. Reduced turnover among new operators: The stream lining of training process and achievement of high earnings in short time contribute to reduction in the loss of new operator. Although other external factors also effects turnover shall be kept in consideration.


4. Increased productivity of experienced operator: A thorough training improves the skills and increase the productivity and performance to 10% to 15%.


Basic Principles of AAMT


Following are the main principles are effective:


1. Operation Analysis: Each operation and procedure is analysed in detail in order to find the best method and discover the skills require to do the job.


2. Separate training course: A detail and lined training procedure is developed to ensure the trainee to learn each aspect of the job finely.


3. Skill Development: Special exercises are designed to develop individually and progressively the skills required in the job.


4. Break down into Parts: The job is broken into parts which the trainee learns separately and gradually combines as become proficient.

 

5. Spaced Learning: The trainees activities are programmed in order to provide change of activity and to maintain a high degree of concentration.


6. Rhythm and Pace: The trainee learns to do each part and skill of the job at the 100 % pace right from the beginning.


7. Stamina Build-up: At first trainee concentrates on skill methods and pace and practices for only short period of time. Once developed necessary skills does he start to stamina by performing longer task.


8. Goals And targets: Targets are set for every stage of training. These enable each trainee to know how to progress and give a sense of achievement.


9. Measurements and Control: The trainees progress is measured at every stage very carefully so that both the trainee and the instructor have an intimate knowledge of progress.


10. Individual Programme: Each trainee advances according to his own ability and spends most of his time practising those aspects of the job in which he is weakest.


11. Training Centre: Basic skills and knowledge training is carried out in an area separate from production where trainees can learn in an atmosphere suitable to learning without disturbance either to or from the production unit.


12. Quality Specifications: Detailed quality specifications are worked out for each operation as a basis for training correct quality.


13. Participation: The trainees are encouraged to develop a sense of responsibility and pride in their own progress by participating actively in the administration and planning of their own training activities.


14. Co-operation of Supervisors: Supervision to help with the design of training and to work closely with the training programme. Their co operation particularly in the early stages of initialling the training program is essential to the success of the programme.


15. Training Instructions: The most important element in success of AAMT is these of full time instructions who are specially trained to apply the AAMT techniques.


Performance Measures & Monitoring


1. Exercise Worksheet: It is a form to record the trainees results from basics and job exercises. At least ten timings a day should be recorded for each exercise performed until the trainee meets or beats the target time.


2. Single Cycles: Single cycles should be performed by the instructor using a stopwatch. The basic procedure is to time five cycles (complete product unit) one at a time.


3. Stamina Development: Apply these definitions and formulas to the stamina exercise.


a)       SAM/ Unit- Minute allowed per unit/piece

b)       Target/Units- Number of units required during stamina run to achieve 100% efficiency .(Stamina Run Actual Min)/ (Sam/Unit)

c)       Actual Units- Number of units completed during stamina Run

d)       % Units- Performance percentage for stamina Run (Actual units)/ target Units


4. Target: The main purpose of intermediate targets is to give the trainee a goal to aim for during a session on an exercise even when she is a long way from the normal 100% target.


5. Daily Production: At the end of day, compute the trainees total daily performance.


a)       Units- No. of units completed

b)       Sam/Unit Minutes allowed per unit/piece

c)       Min. Earned Minutes earned by the trainee producing work , (units)x(Sam/Unit)


 

Guidelines for AAMT Trainers


CASE A: Capacity and performance are both above the Training curve.



CASE B: Capacity above the Training curve and performance below the Training curve.



CASE C: Capacity and performance are both below the Training curve