Textile is the second largest employment provider in India. To support this sector, textile machinery industry forms the backbone of the textile sector. Current paper discusses various problems of Indian textile machinery industries. Along with the problems an attempt has been made to give solution to some of these problems. Currently Indian textile machinery industry facing some of the major problems which hampers the growth of the industry. Some of these are demand of second hand machinery, technology transfer, lack of R&D, quota system, recession, TUFS scheme etc. An address to such issues can bring bright days to this weakening industry
The Textile Engineering Industry (TEI) is, undoubtedly, one of the largest component of the Indian capital goods industry and has contributed significantly to the growth of the Indian textile industry. The TEI directly employs about 50,000 workers and has capital investment in the range of US $ 423.93 Mn. with an installed capacity of US $ 920.54 Mn. It covers over 700 machineries and equipments manufacturing units; over 250 units produce complete machinery and the remaining 450 units produce spare parts, components and accessories of the machinery.
The technological competitiveness of the Indian textile engineering industry presents a full spectrum of technological capabilities. While, there are few units manufacturing spinning and allied machinery close to the international players in terms of product design capability, process design capabilities and process technology, technological capabilities of most of the players manufacturing other than spinning and allied machinery is severely limited.
The fortunes of this industry are inextricably linked with that of textile industry. High degree of co-relation between the performances of the two sectors is further accentuated by high elasticity of textile engineering industry to changes in the textile industry. The capital goods value added contributes about 10.5 percent of the total textile manufacturing value added, thus establishing textile industry as a key end user deriving the performance of the latter.
The textile industry has been doing extremely well during
the last few years in terms of production & export and has been investing
heavily in expansion and modernization of capacity. The strong demand from
domestic and export market coupled with conducive policy environment provided
by the Govt. has catalyses the growth of the textile industry. The Technology
Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS) launched by the Govt. has facilitated investment
in state of the art / near state of the art benchmarked textile machinery
eligible under TUFS. During the last eight years of the operation of TUFS,
about US $ 28.86 Bn. worth of projects have been covered under TUFS involving
installation of roughly US $ 17.32 Bn. of modern machinery during the period.
About the Authors
Surajkumar. S. Menon & Sudhir M. Dudhankar Are Students of DKTE, ICHALKARANJI
This paper was presented at Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI), Mumbai in the VASTRA 2010 a two day event held on Feb 19th & 20th, 2010