Shoe sizes are based mainly on the length of the shoe.  In modern times, the length meant is the length inside the shoe the length of the last, the form on which the shoe is madenot the length of the sole. Obviously, the last length must be greater than the length of the foot the shoe will contain.
 

The shoe sizing system has been found out by the measuring the more than 10,000 people foot measurement as well as the body weight and propulsion of the person. English shoemakers apparently measured customers' feet with a ruler marked in thirds.  When shoe sizes were systematized, the one-third inch difference between whole sizes was retained, and size 0 was a length of 4 inches.  Sizes went from 1 to 13 for children and then from 1 to 13 again for adults. Half-sizes did not appear until late in the ninetieth century.

A shoe size is an alphanumerical indication of the fitting size of a shoe for a person. Several different shoe-size systems are still used today worldwide. In some regions, it is even customary to use different shoe-size systems for different types of shoes (e.g., men's, women's, children's, sport or safety shoes).

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Author is working as Faculty in FDDI, Fursatganj, Raebareli