Retailing is a convenient, convincing and comfortable method of selling goods and services. Retailing, though as old as business, trade and commerce has now taken new forms and shapes. This is because of new management techniques, marketing techniques and also due to ever changing and dynamic consumer psychology.


What is retailing:

Retailing is one area of the broader term, e-commerce. Retailing is buying and selling both goods and consumer services. With more number of educated and literate consumers entering the economy and market, the need for reading the pulse of the consumers has become very essential.


Retail marketing is undergoing radical restructuring. This is because of increase in gross domestic product, increase in per capita income, increase in purchasing power and also the ever changing tastes and preferences of the people. The entry of plastic money, ATMs, credit cards and debit cards and all other consumer finances, the taste for the branded goods also added for the evolution of retail marketing.

Retail marketing is not just buying and selling but also rendering all other personalized consumer services. With the RM picking up it has given a new look for various fast moving capital goods (FMCG) goods. This not only increased the demand for various goods in the market but also made retail marketing the second largest employment area, the first being agriculture.

Definition and Scope of Retailing:


Retail Industry, one of the fastest changing and vibrant industries in the world, has contributed to the economic growth of many countries. The term 'retail' is derived from the French word retailer which means 'to cut a piece off or to break bulk'. In simple terms, it implies a first-hand transaction with the customer.


Retailing can be defined as the buying and selling of goods and services. It can also be defined as the timely delivery of goods and services demanded by consumers at prices that are competitive and affordable.


Retailing involves a direct interface with the customer and the coordination of business activities from end to end- right from the concept or design stage of a product or offering, to its delivery and post-delivery service to the customer. The industry has contributed to the economic growth of many countries and is undoubtedly one of the fastest changing and dynamic industries in the world today.


Types of Retail Operations:


Retail operations enable a store to function smoothly without any hindrances. The significant types of retail operations consist of:


  • Department store
  • Specialty store
  • Discount/Mass Merchandisers
  • Warehouse/Wholesale clubs
  • Factory outlet


Retail Management System targets small and midsize retailers seeking to automate their stores. The package runs on personal computers to manage a range of store operations and customer marketing tasks, including point of sale; operations; inventory control and tracking; pricing; sales and promotions; customer management and marketing; employee management; customized reports; and information security.


The Emerging Sectors in Retailing:


Retailing, one of the largest sectors in the global economy, is going through a transition phase not only in India but the world over. For a long time, the corner grocery store was the only choice available to the consumer, especially in the urban areas. This is slowly giving way to international formats of retailing. The traditional food and grocery segment has seen the emergence of supermarkets/grocery chains (Food World, Nilgiris, Apna Bazaar), convenience stores and fast-food chains.