It is no longer adequate to have a finished product to be safe only to human beings, but the product has to be environmentally safe during its entire life cycle and even beyond.

The challenges facing the textile industry have intensified during the last decade. Current awareness of the negative environmental impact of chemical processing of textiles, combined with increased strict legislation on industrial effluents, has led to the search for advanced, non-polluting processes for treating natural and manufactured fibre fabrics.

The early-recorded history of textiles all over the world is the same. Every single step of preparing a textile item was manual. There was no mass Production for commercial purposes. The textile items were, however, given in gift to show respect, love, affection and concern for the dear ones. This brought about social changes conducive to create a healthy social life. This situation remained unchanged till the industrial revolution took place in the 18th century in Europe when the era of mass production arrived. The worst casualty of this revolution was the environment. Man has now realized this fact at the cost of wasting more than two valuable centuries.

Indian textile industry occupies a unique position in the Indian economy. Over the period, it has gone through several changes. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to present an overview of Indian textile industry in terms of its structure, associated problems, its impact on environment, pollution control strategies, German ban on azo dyes, response of textile ministry to cope with the implementation of German ban, and other environmental issues.

Think globally, act locally is the slogan of tomorrow for the world textile industry

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The Author is Technical Service-Executive, Chemistar, Intermediates (Pvt) Ltd