Colour is an element, which transforms the entire fabric of life. It is the property that is noticed and is the first factor governing choice of the fabric. The importance of colour in textile has been recognized from thousands of years and ancient writing contains frequent references for it. India had the distinction of being a colour box of the ancient world. Man has tried to get colours from various plant sources like flowers, juices, leaves, barks, roots and also from certain organisms and has learnt to use them on various textile materials. Indigo, Cutch, logwood, roots of Turmeric, Sunflower, flowers of the Myrobalan tree are some of the natural dye sources used for colouring the textile materials.
The beginning of the new millennium surely brings many drastic changes in the life of mankind. One of them is going to be the shift towards revival of natural dyes and their efficient usage as compared to their counter parts ie. synthetic dye, which has been slowly losing its place mainly due to international awareness to environment and ecology preservation. The natural dyes, which are non-pollutant, appear as an ideal choice due to their non-toxic nature and easy handling. The world wide natural dyes have several advantages over synthetic dyes from the point of view of health, safety and ecology. There is increased awareness and demands for the natural dyed products in international market.
About the Authors:
Ekta Grover and Neeti Kishore are Assistant Professors, Department of Clothing and Textiles, Halina School of Home Science, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences(Formerly Allahabad Agricultural Institute- Deemed University)Allahabad,Uttar Pradesh and Chhavi Singh is also associated with the same University