Subject to considerable controversy regarding its origin, crocheting has gradually evolved into a source of livelihood for many, and a significant source of employment, and revenue generation as well.

Crochet is a way of creating fabric from yarn or thread using a crochet hook. It is derived from the French word croc or croche, which means hook. Fabric is created by pulling loops of yarn through other loops. Crochet differs from knitting in a way that only one loop is active at a time. Initially crocheting was done in thread, usually of white hue. Earlier crocheters used thicker yarns, and created less delicate clothing. Crocheting remained dormant till the 60s, and thereafter gained popularity. Crochet products are usually bought by the middle, and upper class people. Transformation of crochet as a status symbol, rather than a unique craft, has initiated this practice. The impression was mitigated, to some extent by Queen Victoria, who bought Irish crochet lace, and even learnt the art herself. Later, it evolved in texture, and into more complicated stitching styles.

Global Market:

During the earlier times, vibrant shades of bright red, lime acrylic, and orange yarns were used to make heavy, and labored patterns. Modern day crocheting changed the strong colors for pastel shades. Dark hues are used mainly for highlighting. Crocheting, like many other textile crafts has suffered decades of negative publicity. Currently, there is a revival of interest, along with an improvement in the quality and varieties of yarn used. Today, around the world, crochet has become a flourishing cottage industry, and supports people with their livelihood. The handicraft is flourishing in Europe, especially in Ireland and Northern France. Needle produced crochet work is much in demand in mainland Britain, and Irish crochet inspirations of the nineteenth century are relatively high, rare, and are much sought after.

Textile Applications:

Crocheting has its own uniqueness. The pattern has a mathematical structure, that is difficult to reproduce using other media, and is difficult to understand if viewed two-dimensionally.

Crocheted fabrics have won a place for itself in the pantheon of exquisite decorative textiles. Apparels are made from crocheted fabrics consisting of a blend of cotton and polyester enabling durability, and soft feel. Paired with finest fabrics, they make unique and dazzling creations. Crocheted laces fabricated from finest threads in appealing styles

with scalloped edges, and flowing lines are used for decorating apparels. Attached in appropriate manner, they add beauty to the garment. They are used as embellishment in garments such as skirts, tops, ghagras etc.

The time tested handicraft has gained a niche in global forefront at the ramp shows as well. Apparels made from crocheted fabrics are available in a plethora of designs. Hues of mauve, white, sea green, and pink have gained international appreciation. Crochet beachwear, kidswear, necklace, ponchos, scarves, and skirts are made from premium quality fabrics using finest and high technology machines. Adorable tape measures, table cloths, rugs, telephone mats, valences, cushion covers, and stitch markets add whimsical line of home textile and other decorative items.

A simple and effective interpretation of lace skills, crocheted fabrics are extraordinarily complex and visually stunning. A decorative asset to fashion creations, crochet items are more attention demanding in their own way.


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