Carbon emissions contribute significantly to climate change which is being increasingly recognized as a major challenge. It is widely accepted that the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by humans are having a negative impact on the environment. A way to track ones greenhouse gas emissions is to be aware of your carbon footprint. Carbon footprint is a measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases produced, expressed as CO2 equivalent, measured in kilograms (kg) or tonnes. The textile industry is considered as the most ecologically harmful industry in the world. The clothing and textile industry is huge. Environmental impacts occur at every stage of the life cycle of a product. The garment industry has contributed to the global warming from the stage of growing of the fibres, yarn fabrication, fabric manufacture, wet processing and manufacturing of the garment, its distribution and transportation to stores and customers, its use by the consumers and finally the disposal of the product.


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The author is Assistant Professor with Institute of Home Economics, Delhi University and has prepared this report under the guidance of Dr. Simmi Bhagat, Associate Professor, Dept. of Fabric and Apparel Science, Lady Irwin College, Delhi & Prof. M.L. Gulrajani, Professor, Dept of Textile Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.