Embroideries everywhere have been fascinated with different designs. But only its natural form that embroiders love is beauty in their stitches. Today designers and artist picks up motifs from traditional designs and incorporate them in weaves, embroideries and colour ways based on market demand. Keeping this in mind an attempt was done to work with 'Redwork' embroidery in home furnishing items. This study was contributed in developing varieties of cushion for Indian Markets.
Redwork, a style of "art needlework," first became popular in the United States in the late part of the Nineteenth century. Red thread is typically used in this style because the red colour contrasts well against a light background.
Keeping the above points in mind following objectives was framed:
- To revive the Victorian age embroidery into Modern Age.
- To document motifs and patterns of 'Redwork' embroidery
- To develop the range of article using motifs of 'Redwork' embroidery on different variety of fabrics.
- To find the acceptability of article produced for home furnishing.
Keeping this in mind the researcher tried to develop samples in home furnishing with redwork embroidery on different fabrics and also tried to find the acceptability of the article.
The various steps which were followed to achieve the objectives:
The study is as follows:
- To retrieve the Victorian age embroidery into modern age an extensive research formed the basis for the studies.
- To document the motifs by searching Victorian age motifs from various resources i.e. books, magazines, internet.
a) Selection of Motif
The motifs were selected for developing the article. Motifs were explored and approximately 50 motifs were documented. Finally 5 motifs were selected for preparing the articles.
b) Selection of fabric
The fabric being selected for the article is cotton, silk, tissue, organdy and satin.
c) Selection of thread
Red anchor thread is used to embroider the article
d) Selection of designs
5 designs were selected to design it on the fabric
e) Techniques of transferring the design on to the fabric:
f) The design is embroidered
g) Product Development:
When embroidery was complete the fabric was stitched into the article.
Acceptability of the product A
questionnaire was design by the researcher to evaluate the acceptability of the
product. Developed article were again evaluated by panel of judges to analyze
the product for its acceptability among the consumer.
A rating scale was prepared to assess the acceptability of the product. Following criteria was followed for rating the article:
- Best preferred fabric
- Selection of design
- Excellent motif
- Best overall appearance
- Placement of motif
- Design suitability according to the article
- Marketability of the product
Five parameters were chosen- The scores are:
Very Good: 4
Results and Discussion
With the help of tables in order to final shape to the collected data, it was statistically analyzed by the frequency distribution and percentage.
Evaluating the acceptability of prototypes
1) 80% like the idea of using silk fabric for cushion.
2) 78% respondents find the girl with flower most impressive motif
3) 90% indicates that new design on silk fabric for cushion was most suitable for product development.
Summary & Conclusion
Current trends are propelling people towards the ancient and traditional art and designs. There would be great demand for this embroidery because of its white and red combination. There would be certainly a competition for other articles in the market. There is great scope for such embroideries into the modern age.
The author is Assistant Professor at International College for Girls, Jaipur