Handloomindustry is a traditional and also a cottage industry in India. It provides employment to the large section of poor people. However, the role andsignificance of the industry to the national development is declining. In fact,the industry is facing lot of problems such as men, material, methods,machines, money, marketing and management. In this article, the problems facedby the industry and the solutions to solve the problems are plotted in Ishikawadiagram and presented.
Handloomindustry is a cottage and rural based industry and the handlooms are part of anage old Indian tradition. 35 lakhs handlooms still exist in the country and 65lakhs people are engaged in the profession. This industry contributes 15 percent of the total cloth produced in this country. There are 470 Handloomclusters spread in all over the country in highly decentralized manner. Indianhandloom industry is the largest in the world and it is low capital intensiveindustry.
Conceptualizationof the Problems
Atpresent, in the whole of Textile industry, the Handlooms-cottage sector has toco-exist with other two sectors, namely unorganized power loom sector and organizedmill sector. If we look at globally, due to the huge competition of these twosectors, many developed countries gave up the handloom industry, and there areno handlooms exist at present in many of the countries. In India also, number of handlooms in different clusters is decreasing day by day. In the lastfifteen years it has come down to 43.32 lakhs from 65.5 lakhs Handloom workersengaged in this sector. As the handloom industry occupies an important placedue to the economic importance, it has been realized that India cannot leave away this industry as other countries did it. On the other hand, India has to pay much more attention to safe guard this industry.
Thecauses for declining of handloom industry with respect to men, material,machines, methods, money, marketing and management categories have to begrouped in order to find the corresponding remedies. This type of analysis willhelp to effectively address and solve the problems faced by the handloomindustry. Ishikawa-Fish Bone Diagram, which is one of the problem solving toolsof the Total Quality Management (TQM), is used to plot the problems andidentify corresponding solutions.
R.G. Panneerselvamis Deputy Director at Weavers Service Centre, Kancheepuram, (TN) and Dr.L.Rathakrishnan is Professor, RIM at Gandhigram Rural Institute,Gandhigram(TN)