textile industry is one of the major energy consuming industries and retains a
record of the lowest efficiency in energy utilization. About 23% energy is
consumed in weaving, 34% in spinning, 38% in chemical processing and another 5%
for miscellaneous purposes. Thermal energy is major for chemical processing
while power dominates consumption pattern in spinning/weaving. Thermal energy
in textile mills is mainly consumed in 2 operations. They are heating of water
and drying of water. Fuel usage in a textile mill is directly proportional to
amount of water used. Therefore, if use of water is reduced, it will also save
energy. The need of energy management has assumed paramount importance due to
the rapid growth of process industries causing substantial energy consumptions
in textile operations. And this has made pathway to conservation of energy
which can be affected through process and machinery modifications and
implementation of technological advancements relating to process optimization
as well as development of newer methods to meet the challenge of substantial
energy saving in textile wet processing. Hence, there is a requirement for
replacing the conventional ways by the latest methods which will lead to
considerable savings in terms of time, money and energy. Energy crisis
globally, as well as high cost of fuels resulted in more activities to conserve
energy to maximum extent.
it is an important aim of industrial fundamental research to develop new
technologies to optimize conventional processes in order to conserve energy by
basically adopting novel concepts discussed in the paper.
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