It is necessary to preserve the Earth and its resources. If this step is not taken satisfactorily by each and every human being, the consequences may be grave. We should mind every action that we perform. We should see to it that it does not harm the environment in anyway. Textile industry should especially make efforts in this direction.

Textile industry is the most pollution generating industry in the world. Nitrogen, sulphur oxides, hydrocarbons, formaldehyde, acids, softeners, and other compounds are released into the air. It emits salt, surfactants, ionic metals and their metal complexes, toxic organic chemicals, biocides, etc. into water bodies. It also discharges pollutants into the land.

Consumers are increasingly becoming aware of such hazardous impacts of the textile industry. They prefer to choose products that are environment friendly. Manufacturers and retailers are forced to find eco friendly ways to produce clothing. They adopt practices that do not harm the environment in any way and also obtain a sustainability certification to impress their takers!

Companies usually get themselves certified in order to prove that they are eco friendly to their consumers. Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is one of the most well known certifications in the field of textile sustainability. This initiative helps companies all over the world follow certain practices that are considered environment friendly and sustainable.

GOTS was formed with a conference organized in Dusseldorf, Germany in 2002. Many organic cotton producers, textile manufacturers, retailers, and consumers participated in this conference. The need to have a fixed set of rules for producing sustainable textile was decided upon. Standards were framed that were to be followed by manufacturers.

Bluesign Technologies formulated a standard for sustainability in the textile industry way back in 2000! Many companies strive to achieve this recognition in modern times. Getting this recognition on their products makes their products eco friendly before the consumers. Nike, Marks and Spencer, and many other brands are BlueSign approved.

Hans-Jurgen Hubner, CEO, Schoeller Textil AG and Initiative Partner, Bluesign concept says, "By converting production to the Bluesign standard, we reduced CO2 emissions by 900 tons in 2002 compared to the previous year. This is equivalent to the emissions that 180 households generate in one year. We reduced our energy consumption by well over 10%. We now use 65% less water for our dyeing processes."(Source: