The Indonesian Archipelago is renowned for fabrics decorated using resist methods such as Ikat. These techniques are known as resist method because materials are used during the process of dyeing that repel the dye. Resist material may be attached to the yarn before weaving, as is the case with Ikat , or applied to the surface of the woven cloth. Although the Indonesian terms Ikat has entered the international textile vocabulary, it is a part of two other important traditions, TEXTIL and PELANGI.
In India "IKAT" is known as Bandha in Orissa, Bandhni in Rajasthan, Pochumpalli in Andhra Pradesh, and so on derived from many concepts, some are from the term tying while some other from place of production however, in textile term it is commonly known as 'IKAT'.
The term Ikat which is a Malayan word and introduce into the European language by reoffer comes from the word Mangikat, Which means to bind, knot or wind round.
Ikat is a Malayan word and refers to a technique for producing pattern in a fabric by partly dyeing the threads before weaving.
Ikat is a very elaborate way of decorating cotton and silk textiles by resist dyeing the yarns before weaving. Designs are reserved by tying the yarns in such a way that the united sections will absorb dye when immerged in a colour bath. For subsequent colour, new binding will have to be applied and depending on the design, earlier ones removed.
There are three main types of Ikat:-
1) Warp Ikat- Whereby the dyeing process is applied to the warp.
2) Weft Ikat- Whereby the weft threads are dye.
3) Double Ikat- The most elaborate form, whereby both warp and weft threads are dyed.