Past and Present Of Hand Block Printing of Sanganer in Jaipur City of Rajasthan


(Views expressed in this article are the personal opinion of the authors.)


The block printing of Sanganer now termed as "heritage craft" has carved a name for itself and is valued for intricacy, detailing, delicacy and fineness. The paper depicts the journey of Sanganer printing right from the inception to the present. Further the paper discusses the traditional aspects and modifications made as regards to designs, dyes, tools and techniques with the spinning wheel of time in the hand block printing of Sanganer.


INTRODUCTION

Sanganer is situated 15 kilometers south west to Jaipur, once considered as outskirts, now it is a part of Jaipur and is well renowned for block printing. Hand block printing Industry from Sanganer enjoys the share of almost 15% with an export of ` 100 crore in the ` 690 crore of national export market. The major destinations for export are USA, UK, France, Australia, Italy and Canada.

This sector has a glorious history and the prints of this area had been a prized possession in the past and still continue to maintain the same kind of prestige in the global market. Almost three centuries earlier this process started as an art and artisan was valued for his skill and knowledge but with the advancement the scenario changed. The paper depicts the history of the craft, the changes it underwent and the current status.

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About the Authors:

Ruby Jain and Meetu Rani Hada are associated with the Department of Home Science at the University of Rajasthan, Jaipur.

This article was originally published in the Textile Review magazine, December, 2012, published by Saket Projects Limited, Ahmedabad.