The present study was undertaken to study the environmental problems caused by leather processing units Jaj-mau, Kanpur. A descriptive research design was planned using survey and questionnaire method. Random sampling technique was adopted to select a sample of 15 leather processing unit through lottery method.
The result highlighted that the detrimental work practices in leather processing units create not only environmental hazards but also occupational problems to worker. Use of different chemicals during leather processing produces wastes in solid, liquid and gaseous form. Exposure to different chemicals is the main cause of soil pollution, atmospheric pollution, water pollution and air pollution.
Leather industry is one of the most polluting industries. The leather processing is responsible for unfavorable impact on environment. The global production of leather is about 24bn m2 that presents a substantial challenge to leather industry. The tannery affluent produces high amount of dissolved and suspended organic and inorganic solids that are giving rise to high oxygen requirement. The unbearable smell generating from waste material and presence sulphide, ammonia and other volatile compounds are associated with leather processing activities.
Solid waste produced in leather industry include animal skin trims, animal hairs, flesh wastes, buffing dust and keratin wastes. All of these wastes contain protein as its main component. If this protein is not utilized properly, it will responsible for dangerous pollution problems to environment.