The apparel and textile industries worldwide have set different standards for care labeling a product. It becomes the suppliers or manufacturers responsibility to make sure customers understand the right methods of maintaining a product. Any piece of a textile product has two major kinds of labels, one that describes the fibre composition of the fabric and the other that contains washing and ironing instructions, which is generally called care labeling.


Different countries have set different standards, rules, and laws for the manufacturers or exporters that need to be duly followed. For example, the Canadian General Standard Board requires apparel manufacturers to include information related to temperature in Celsius only, in its care labels. Similarly, the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) care labeling rule in America, required updating their rule of specifying the use of 'hot', 'warm', and 'cold' in the labeling instructions. And also needed to define what is hot and what is warm to make it easy for consumers.


Why is care labeling given so much importance in the apparel and the textile industry? Labels in clothes and other textile articles play a huge role in the buying decision of a consumer. For some, the convenience of dry cleaning might be a reason to pick up a certain garment, while some might prefer machine wash more economic. Hence consumers, look beyond the aesthetics and fabric of a product. The after use and maintenance is vital to push their decision forward or backward to buy.


Apart from this, the care labeling functions as a guideline to washing and caring. The instructions also help laundry washers and dry cleaners, while cleaning clothes and other textile articles like carpets, curtains, or cushion covers for their consumers. It also serves as guidelines to consumers for increasing the life of a product and can prevent them from causing damage of a garment.


Colorfastness, shape, ironing, appearance, are also the matters of concerns with consumers post purchase of a product. The chemical composition and structure of fibres used in a fabric decide the method of cleaning and storing an article. According to the chemical sensitivity of the fabric, the type of detergent, bleaching, or dry cleaning will be determined, and depending on heat sensitivity of the fabric, the washing, drying, and ironing will be established.


Fabrics that are loosely woven, and can easily get out of shape, require special care while washing, drying, and ironing. All these things help in maintaining the condition and serviceability of the garments and other products. The creation of a garment or a textile article adds to the intricacy of caring procedures. It is not possible to add all details to strengthen the life of a product; hence it is only fair on the part of the suppliers to help customers with care labeling to guide them.