Globalization has led to tough competition in the textile industry than ever before. New and improved yarn spinning machines have been developed so that the textile companies can enhance the quality of yarn, have better production control, and sustain in the market. In the past few years, one can notice a tremendous improvement in the quality of yarn especially in countries like China, India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
All are aware that spinning is a part of textile manufacturing process. It is a process where strings of fibres are converted into yarn. Further the spinning process involves many functions like cotton mixing, carding, combing, drawing and the last step is winding. In this process the small amount of yarn is wound into big cones.
However, it is important to maintain the quality in any textile process. The quality of the textile depends on the quality of the yarn. Therefore, it is essential for the manufacturers to produce good quality yarn to sustain in the competitive market.
Along with the quality aspect one should not ignore productivity as it is equally important in the spinning process. Manufacturers must concentrate on both these aspects. In this respect, the manufacturers should see that methods adopted to improve the quality of the yarn do not affect the productivity. There are different spinning techniques and machines developed for each technique.
Ring spinning is considered as the most trustworthy, cost effective, and successful yarn manufacturing method. Ring spinning system has gone through many changes in the past 30 years. This spinning technique has improved continuously in the past years with its goal on higher production, along with speed and superior quality. The quality of yarn produced by this technique is considered to be the best and is accepted worldwide.
It is broadly used because of its high speed and the quality of yarn it produces. This technology produces yarns which are structurally stronger. It produces softer yarns and fabrics. It can be used to spin any material. Its operational functions are very simple to learn and understand. Moreover as the speed in the drawing section can be properly managed, the uniformity of the yarn is very well maintained.
In addition to these benefits, as the yarns are stronger they break less during spinning or at later stage. Also, the yarns are less hairy and it is beneficial for fabric manufacturing. This spinning system is extensively used in Europe and Asia. There are about 1000 spindles and 500 drafting systems in today's ring spinning machine for wool.