Home textile products are gaining importance among consumers. But today, consumers along with fine quality and better designs also demand improved functionality and value added finishes. Growing awareness, modernized lifestyle requirements, and latest research and developments have resulted in the development of new and unique finishes for home textiles. The existing home textile products provide anti-microbial, snit-mite, flame retardant, and fragrance encapsulating finishes.
Modern finishes can moderate temperature, keep allergies at bay, and posses healing qualities too. One of the latest innovations has been developing thermal draperies. These drapes are designed to keep the interiors of a home cool in the summer and warm during winters.
The fabrics consist of an opaque rubber backing which is applied to the end of an uncoated fabric for improving light absorption. A single coat of liquefied rubber polymer, which is fused dry with help of a heated roller, is applied to the same fabric. Also referred to as dim-out, these fabrics can absorb 50-70 percent of the direct light falling on them thereby providing heat insulation.
With the advent of smart textiles, there are smart solutions for sleeping comfortably on beddings and mattresses that regulate temperature based on the body climate of the individual for a restful sleep. The bedding fibre uses phase changing material with thermo regulating features. Paraffin, which is embedded in the crystalline, is spun with a tear-resistant fibre. This functional fibre takes in excess heat and when needed releases it in a micro-climatic condition. The choice of paraffin is responsible for adjusting the temperature of heat absorption and heat dissipation.
Another technique used by a company for thermoregulation microencapsulates the phase changing materials integrated in duvets, pillows, and mattresses. When the body temperature of the person sleeping drops, the fluids in the capsules change the phase from liquid to solid and dispense heat energy keeping the individual warm. The heat regulating capsules store warmth and release as and when it is required.
Cotton products used for the home need regular washing and are prone to a lot of wear and tear.
This results in weakening of the fabric strength, fading, and tearing. Considering the above problem, a company has developed an innovative finish that helps cotton fabrics resist the regular wear and tear from abrasion. Moreover, it provides additional benefits to home textile products like it gives an enhanced level of wrinkle resistance, has shrinkage controlling properties, prevents colour loss, and helps retain the softness of the fabrics. Such functionality can make home textile products like beddings and sheeting last for a very long time.
Cleaning of home textiles like pillows, blankets, towels, curtains, and bed coverings is possible with disinfectants and advanced laundry solutions. But keeping dirt and the mites at bay in mattresses is extremely difficult. However, using a recent high-tech mattress it is now possible to control the dust mite population. The technology creates hygrothermal living condition within the mattress to make sure that mites do not exist. Mites breed when there is moisture in the air and are sensitive to dry and warm conditions. Keeping the mattress warm enough to 50 degree centigrade for 60 minutes one to two times in a week can resolve the problem of mites. Thin layers of elastic textile heating pads are placed at definite distances inside the mattress which ensures a desired temperature is maintained. Similar technique has been used in upholsteries of interiors to keep the house away from mite infestations.
Having to keep home textiles clean requires keeping them from getting greasy and moist. A unique finish can avoid water and oil stains on home textile fabrics. Fluorocarbons can provide a low surface energy films that possess high oil and water repellency qualities. Most importantly, the finish is eco-friendly, does not contain harmful chemicals, and is durable to several washes and dry cleaning. Apart from this soil release finishes have been developed to easily remove dirt from home textile substrates. Fluorochemical or silicone kinds of varieties are used for producing fabrics with such finishes.
Antimicrobial finishes have been introduced for home textile products like sheets, pillowcases, duvets, carpets, kitchen clothes, and even towels. They keep fabrics odour free, bacteria and stain free, and also protect from allergies. Fire safety is vital to any home. What better way to keep one's house protected with flame retardant home textiles. Curtains, draperies, and other home textile articles are treated with flame resistance chemical additives to reduce the high rate of burning when regular fabrics like cotton and line are used.
With growing concerns among consumers to living a healthy lifestyle has resulted in fostering innovative home textiles. Value added finishes introduced with extensive research and development can not only keep home textiles clean and easy to maintain, but also safe and comfortable.